University of Akron 53rd Tire Mechanics Short Course

The 53rd Tire Mechanics Short Course will be held concurrently with Tire Technology Expo 2024 in Hannover, Germany, on March 18, 19, 20 & 21, 2024.

This four-day educational and developmental course will provide engineers and scientists with an in-depth, intense study of the latest developments surrounding tire engineering. The course is designed for practicing engineers, chemists and scientists who are concerned with tires and vehicles and who have an engineering or science background at the Bachelor of Science level.

The basic and practical aspects of the mechanics of pneumatic tires will be introduced by internationally renowned experts in tire mechanics. Extensive, detailed course notes prepared by each instructor will be provided for all participants, along with a 700-page e-book, The Pneumatic Tire, edited by Professors Gent and Walter. Those who complete this course will receive a certificate from the University of Akron.

*COURSE FEE: €1,875 plus German VAT

Program Schedule

Monday, March 18, 2024

09:00 – 09:30

Welcome and introduction
Dr Xiaosheng Gao
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Polymer Science
The University of Akron, Akron, OH, USA

09:30 – 16:30 (Complimentary lunch 12:00-13:00)

Tire components, tire compounds and tire materials
Dr Annette Lechtenböhmer
Goodyear Innovation Center, Luxembourg (retired); associate editor, Tire Science and Technology Journal

The lecture gives an overview of the tire components, the demands on their compounds and the use of materials in these compounds. It attempts to make the connection between the role of components in a tire, the compound requirements of these components and the raw materials and cure that results in the desired compound properties. The lecture aims to close the loop between the raw materials and reinforcements used, the compound properties, tire preparation and cure, and final tire properties. The lecture will cover:

  1. Components of a tire and demands
  2. Tire compounds and their materials, including polymers, fillers, additives, sulfur and curatives
  3. Tire structure and composites, textile cords, wire, carcasses, beads and belts
  4. Processing, including mixing, calendaring and extrusion
  5. Tire building

Tuesday, March 19, 2024

09:00 – 16:00 (Complimentary lunch 12:00-13:00)

The tire as a vehicle component
Dr Gerald Potts
GRP Consulting, Akron, OH, USA
Dr James Cuttino
Yokohama Corporation of North America, Cornelius, NC, USA

Today’s pneumatic tire must serve four functions: (1) support a moving load; (2) generate steering forces; (3) generate driving and braking forces; and (4) provide isolation from road irregularities. In examining the complex mechanism involved in satisfying these four requirements, participants will study the tire’s importance in determining overall vehicle performance; for no matter what level of complexity is designed into a vehicle, its only communication with the road is through its tires, which must be tough and strong yet flexible.

  1. Mechanics of force generation in the contact patch
  2. Tire performance (cornering and traction)
  3. The tire and vehicle dynamics
  4. Tire testing
  5. Brief overview of tire modeling

16:00 – 18:00 Visit to the exhibition

Wednesday, March 20, 2024

09:00 – 16:00 (Complimentary lunch 12:00-13:00)

Impact of rubber and reinforcement properties on tire footprint mechanics
Dr Mahmoud Assaad
Global tire performance prediction, computational mechanics
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co, Akron, OH, USA (retired)

The viscoelastic behavior of the rubber compounds and the reinforcing cords influences the stability of the tire footprint shape. Additional physical properties such as the strain dependency of both constituents and their thermal stability contribute to the contact pressure distribution. The resultant tire forces and moments transmitted to the vehicle are measured using tri-axial force pin transducers or pressure-sensitive mats. The interaction between the materials’ behavior and the tire's global response controls the mechanics of tire readability and wear characteristics. The following topics will be discussed:

  1. Mechanical properties of rubber
    1. Elasticity and viscoelasticity
    2. Strength of rubber compound
    3. Payne, Mullins effects
    4. Energy dissipation
    5. Strain energy release rate
    6. Neural network (feed forward-back propagation) based constitutive model for rubber material
  2. Fibers and cords: load-displacement, creep, stress relaxation and shrinkage
    Impact of steel wires and polymeric cords on tire performance, reinforcement adhesive coatings and processing

  3. Tire transient force and moment response to slip angle sweep
    1. Footprint characteristics
    2. F&M measurement
    3. Cornering stiffness
    4. Small-medium-large slip angle regimes
  4. Tire applications:
    1. How tires age and how to measure aging in tires
    2. Tire electric resistance
    3. Tire pressure loss over time – impact of liner material and thickness
    4. Tire post-cure inflation
    5. Tire digital twin technology
    6. Monitoring the health of tires using continuum damage mechanics (CDM)

16:00 – 18:00 Visit to the exhibition

Thursday, March 21, 2024

09:00 – 16:00 (Complimentary lunch 12:00-13:00)

Virtual tire modeling for improved performance
Dr Ronald Kennedy
Center for Tire Research,
The University of Akron and Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA (retired)
associate editor of Tire Science and Technology Journal

Simulations are increasingly being used in companies’ virtual design processes to develop a tire more effectively and efficiently with desired performance attributes. These simulation methods run the gamut from simple empirical or analytical models to highly detailed finite element models. These increasing levels of modeling will be described along with examples, with an extended focus on the finite element modeling method. Various finite element modeling techniques will be shown as part of the tire performance simulation examples.

The lecture will cover:

  1. Tire load transfer, cord force and tire shape mechanics and model representations
  2. Review of tire performance modeling methods of increasing complexity, with examples
    1. Empirical
    2. Analytical
    3. Physically based numerical
  3. Brief introduction to tire finite element analysis (FEA)
  4. Application of FEA to tire performance prediction
    1. Tire/road contact and forces (static, rolling, cornering)
    2. Rolling resistance
    3. Tread wear
    4. Durability
    5. Hydroplaning

16:00 – 16:30

Course evaluations and distribution of certificates
Dr Xiaosheng Gao,
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The University of Akron, Akron, OH. USA

For course information, please contact:
Dr Xiaosheng Gao

Department of Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering and Polymer Science
The University of Akron

Akron, OH 44325-3903, USA
Tel: +1 330 972 2415

For registration information, please contact:
Tim Sandford

Conference director, UKi Media & Events
Abinger House, Church Street,
Dorking, Surrey, RH4 1DF, UK
Tel: +44 1306 743744
Fax: +44 1306 877411