Conference Program

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

Global update on recovered carbon black and tire-to-tire recycling

Martin von Wolfersdorff
Recovered Carbon Black Expert
Wolfersdorff consulting Berlin
As in previous Tire Technology Conferences, this presentation will give a global update on the recovered carbon black industry, covering the state of the industry, new technologies and new strategies. In 2024, the leaders of the industry are building industrial plants to fill the tire industry's requirements for recovered carbon black and circular feedstocks for synthetic polymers. Product standardisation and precision engineering are key to supply to the tire industry.

What the audience will learn

  • Industrialisation of recovered carbon black
  • New pyrolysis technologies
  • New tire-to-tire recycling strategies
  • Recovered carbon black standardisation and classification
  • Recovered carbon blackquality control

Tyre recycling metamorphosis: legislation and sustainability

Alejandro Navazas
European Recycling Industries' Confederation (EuRIC)
Scientific and policy advisor
The European Recycling Industries' Confederation will offer an overview of tyre recycling trends within the EU, with a specific emphasis on the transformative influence of ongoing legislation. The effects of this dynamic regulatory landscape on tyre recycling practices, currently under evaluation by the European Commission, will be presented together with their implications for the broader sustainability objectives of the tyre industry.

What the audience will learn

  • Tyre recycling trends in EU
  • EU policies concerning tyre recycling
  • Potential of tyre recycling to contribute to the overarching sustainability goals of the tyre industry

BioButterfly : the sustainable pathway to produce sustainable bio-butadiene

Dr Christian Priou
Program Manager
The BioButterfly project aims to produce butadiene from ethanol in order to manufacture innovative synthetic rubbers. Michelin, IFPEN, and Axens have joined their efforts in order to revisit the Lebedev process and make it compatible with today environmental and economic realities. A demonstration plant was built and is today producing 100% sustainable butadiene. This industrial prototype will demonstrate the technological and economic viability for mass production of butadiene.

What the audience will learn

  • Butadiene can be manufactured from ethanol
  • Michelin and partner have invested in this technology
  • A demo plant is working and biosourced butadiene has been produced

Lignin NR composites for high performance sustainable tires

Luciano Tadiello
Advanced Materials Researcher
Pirelli Tyre S.p.A.
Luca Giannini
Materials Advanced Research Manager
Pirelli Tyre S.p.A.
This presentation will illustrate the introduction of lignin in compounds for high performance tyres, in particular following two directions: 1) surface chemistry modification of phenols and carboxy groups to boost lignin-rubber interactions and 2) latex compounding targeting to evenly disperse in rubber. Lignin derivatives were used in partial replacement of carbon black, resulting in good dynamic reinforcement and tensile strength before and after aging.

What the audience will learn

  • Lignin can be used in rubber compound
  • Pirelli push sustainability with innovation
  • Innovation stems from collaboration with universities into new industrial products

Innovating on sustainable materials usage for UHP green tire design

Li Yanguo
Compound and Material Research
Automotive mobility is today strongly driven by high performance tire demand as well as environmental considerations. This report highlights the recent progress of Linglong tire company in both R&D of sustainable materials introduced in its tires and innovative manufacturing (process/equipments) to maximize energy saving. Additionally, it outlines Linglong's commitment to achieve carbon neutrality through future use of further sustainable materials, while maintaining a high performance level.

What the audience will learn

  • Sustainable material usage for tire industry
  • Green Process
  • Energy saving in Manufacturing Equipment

Recycling end-of-life tyres into new tyres : BlackCycle European project

Dr Jean-Michel Douarre
BlackCycle Consortium Director
The European project BlackCycle led by MICHELIN started mid-2020, brings together 13 partners. The project aims to create an innovative circular value chain that goes from the collection of end-of-life tyres to the integration into new tyres of high quality secondary raw materials. The project made recent great progress announcing the production of several tons of sustainable carbon black, made from end-of-life tyre pyrolytic oil, and its successful introduction in a Michelin bus tyre.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire Recycling
  • Valorisation of tire pyrolytic oil
  • European collaborative approach
  • Secondary Raw Materials
  • Sustainability and circular economy on tires

Comparison between existing tire recycling systems

Jacob Peled
Executive Chairman
Pelmar Engineering Ltd
Sustainability has become an immensely important criteria for tire companies, in their expansion plants.The presentation will compare between the most important tire recycling and rubber regeneration systems in the market, such as Pyrolysis, Chemical rubber conversion, Physical grinding, Regeneration, Cryogenic conversion, Extrusion / Intermeshing and Additional new developments. Retreading, as it is still the No. 1 tire recycling method.

What the audience will learn

  • Sustainability has become an immensely important criteria for all major tire companies, in their expansion plants.
  • It is now an issue and tool to increase feasibility and profits rather than just a homage to the environment.
  • the most important tire recycling and rubber regeneration systems in the market

Circular economy for tires taking into account target product requirements

Max Rehberger
Head of Sustainability Services
TÜV SÜD Product Service GmbH
In Europe, around 3.5 million tonnes of used tyres accumulate per year. To drive circular economy, used tyres should be reused or recycled as far as possible. The current end-of-life of tyres is showcased and to what degree current business can be seen as contributing to circular economy. A focus is put on requirements for end products made out of tire recyclates such as toxic hazards for the (end) consumer. Traceability of tire supply chains as well as risk awareness for secondary end products must be managed holistically to get to a working concept.

What the audience will learn

  • Circular economy of used tires
  • Used tyres Recycling “State of the Art”
  • Products made of worn tires
  • Recycled Content in new Products
  • Risks of recycled end-of-life tires in new products

How connecting tires can support the tire circular economy?

Christophe Duc
RFID Initiative Leader for Original Equipment and Aftersales
Arthur Wagner
End of Life Tires (ELT) are globally well collected, their sorting has been until now very manual and exhausting. Automatization and digitalization will drastically change that by improving ergonomics, value and supporting the development of new recycling streams. Innovative solutions based on vision AI analysis and laser measurement of tread depths are starting to be deployed. RFID in tires and access to data will further unlock possibilities, fostered by the coming Digital Product Passport.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire recycling process is starting to be automatized and digitalized
  • Today solution based on vision AI analysis drastically changes the way ELT are sorted but drive impressive progress
  • Tomorrow RFID in tires will further unlock sorting possibilities through access to data
  • Combination of both technologies will bring value in the next years while the rate of tires with RFID will increase

A circular economy concept for the tyre

Dr Bernd Löwenhaupt
Managing Director
Sumitomo Rubber Europe GmbH
The Sumitomo Rubber Group is working to promote the practice of ESG Management as part of our purpose as defined Philosophy: “Through innovation we will create a future of joy and well-being for all”. Toward fulfilling our purpose, we strive to be a positive force in bringing about solutions to various environmental and social issues throughout all of our business activities. We will introduce the next stage of our environmental efforts that our own unique circular economy concept “TOWANOWA”.

What the audience will learn

  • Circular economy
  • Sustainability
  • Data utilization

Upgrading rC for equivalent performance in existing carbon black applications

Constantine Khripin
Lead Scientist
Cabot Corporation
The emergence of the Circular Economy necessitates tire recycling and pyrolysis has emerged as a leading technology. Pyrolysis of waste tires creates two useable streams: tire pyrolysis oil (TPO) and reclaimed carbon (rC). While the use of TPO in various chemical processes is fairly straightforward, including as a carbon black feedstock, the use of rC is more complicated. We examine the rubber properties achievable with various available grades of rC having different ash content, silica content, and other properties. We show that, as-produced, these materials cannot satisfy the demanding performance targets of tire technology. We then discuss some upgraded materials.

What the audience will learn

  • The rC production process is very different from the carbon black process.
  • rC imparts deficiencies in rigidity and fatigue.
  • rC alone cannot be used at high substitution levels for carbon black in most applications
  • rC can be upgraded to match dispersion and tensile properties for semi-reinforcing applications at 30% loading.
  • An alternate upgrade route can match most properties for reinforcing applications at 20% loading.

Tyre compound circularity through recycling components

Dr Fabio Bacchelli
Head of Technical Management Tyre, Styrenics Modification & SBR/BR Compounding
A major target for for increasing circularity in the tyre industry is to find a technology for re-compounding ELT tyres. Sustainability of new tyre production and retreading can be enhanced not only through circular-attributed polymers from R-oil, but also by introducing recycled rubber from both devulcanization and micronization. eSBR with microdispersed ELT powder is combined with devulcanized and fresh rubber to maximise the recycled component. Curing, properties and ageing are investigated.

What the audience will learn

  • circularity or rubber compounds
  • micronized rubber powder dispersion
  • compounding with devulcanized rubber

Innovation for closed-loop rubber recycling - LIFE GREEN VULCAN project

Alessandro Coggi
Strategy Advisor
Rubber Conversion
Within the LIFE Green Vulcan project, the de-vulcanization technology developed by Rubber Conversion has been tested in demanding applications like PCR-treads (10% de-vulc) and spring pads (20% wt/wt of de-vulc). Performance tests carried out on both products showed values compliant with product specifications despite the high content of de-vulcanized rubber. The partners of this project are Bridgestone, FIAT Research Center, Stellantis, University of Trento and Innovando.

What the audience will learn

  • An industrial de-vulcanization technology for closed-loop recycling
  • Performance test results on new tyres and spring pads manufactured with high contents of de-vulcanized rubber
  • Low carbon footprint tires and GRG

In-rubber performance of reinforcing sustainable raw materials for tires manufacturing

Klaudia Końska
Junior R&D Manager
Nicolas Schüwer
R&D Manager
Tyre Recycling Solutions
Increasing interest in sustainable raw materials during last few years led to implementation of rCB and micronized rubber powder in many rubber applications, also in tires manufacturing. Consistency in quality is one of the key pillars of success in adoption of those in manufacturing and a challenge for mechanical and chemical recyclers as the feedstock variability is high in both short and long term. Collaboration within tire manufacturing ecosystem brought possible solutions and a case study of pyrolysis of specific parts of the end-of-life tires will be presented together with in-rubber performance analysis of state-of-the art sustainable raw materials.

Safe and sustainable bonding systems for the tire industry

Pierre Cassereau
Head of Textile Division
Industrial adhesive resins contain petro-sourced compounds, some of which, classified as SVHC*, require strict precautions to avoid any danger to human health (e.g. formaldehyde, resorcinol, isocyanates). ResiCare, a Michelin Group entity, develops and markets high-performance bonding systems for textile dipped fabrics in tires, free of formaldehyde and resorcinol. ResiCare's ambition is to open up this innovative technology towards biosourcing and to the whole tire industry. Paving the way for perennial chemistry and safer products for health and the environment. RFL is not a “must” anymore in the Tire Industry. Credible alternatives exist, are deployed, and are available for Tire Manufacturers to use it now. * "Substance of Very High Concern" as defined by the REACH regulation.

What the audience will learn

  • Why should you have a look at RF-Free alternatives now ? Regulations moving quickly, especially in Europe, you may want to secure a long-term right to play there.
  • How can you access existing credible alternatives ? – Learn how you are able to prepare the technological shift.
  • When can you operate the change at scale ? Discover how These alternatives are available and ready to be deployed to create the next generation of fabrics.

Sustainable materials for green tire development

K.R. Krishnan
Sr. Deputy General Manager
Balkrishna Industries Limited
The green tire industry, composed of Low RR tires as well as those emerging from ‘green’ materials, is a fast-growing part of the overall tire industry. The global market for green tires forecast to increase from an estimated $129 billion in 2022 to $202 billion in 2027. The CAGR for green tires for the report period is 9%. In line with above trend, this technical presentation deals with Rice husk silica, Bio-plasticizer and compatibilizer to develop green tire compounds.

What the audience will learn

  • Towards more sustainability
  • with Electrical Vehicle
  • Greenhouse Gas emission
  • use of natural sources
  • High impact future passenger tire market in developing world

New developments in Asahi Kasei’s SSBR

Dr Eshwaran Subramani
Senior Technical Service Engineer
Asahi Kasei Europe GmbH
With the changes in mobility technologies such as electrical vehicles, automated driving,etc., the demands for tires are also changing substantially. The demands of such tires are quiet imperative. To deliver such stringent of performance requirements, Asahi Kasei is developing new SSBR’s. As attention towards environmental sustainability is increasing, the need for sustainable solutions is of the essence. Asahi Kasei’s contribution towards sustainability are highlighted in this presentation.

What the audience will learn

  • SSBR
  • Sustainability
  • New developments
  • Tires

Environmental impact of retread tires: Life cycle assessment methodologies

Tiffany Charbouillot
LCA Expert
For the past 30 years, Michelin has been committed to reduce the environmental impact of its products and services. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool to evaluate the potential environmental impact. The methodology used to conduct LCA is critical since it could lead to different deductions as to the impacts on the circular economy. This paper will present a case study for tire retreading, highlighting the importance of LCA boundaries to get relevant results. Recommendations will be presented.

What the audience will learn

  • The importance of LCA boundaries
  • A case study for retread tires
  • A case study for retread tires

A new standard for certification of recycled steel in tire reinforcement

Heiko Isselee
Line Owner for Steel Cord and Innovation Platform Manager for Recycled Steel
Sustainability and circularity are high on the innovation agenda. Currently, lack of alignment on scrap definitions, or a clear standard on recycled content claims, leads from untransparent claims to right out greenwashing. Bekaert proposes a new standard, which is transparent and certifiable, and applicable to the entire supply chain of steel reinforcements for tires. This standard aims to provide peace of mind to tire makers looking to include recycled content from steel in their claims.

What the audience will learn

  • Alignment of definition of “scrap” with international standards
  • Physical segregation vs. controlled blending and mass balance as “true north” for maximum credibility and transparency for recycled content for tire reinforcement
  • Importance of third party certification in a rapidly evolving market for recycled content
  • Bekaert’s approach to implement a global certification

Compounding with micronised rubber powder - A sustainable approach

Dr Saikat Das Gupta
Chief Scientist - Sr. Vice President
Hari Shankar Singhania Elastomer and Tyre Research Institute
Sustainable compound design is one of the impotrtant critical requirements for tyre industry. Increasing the sustainable materials content in tyre compound is a big challange as tyre is one of the most safety products. Maintaining the performance criteria of the tyres, researchers are continuously working suitable means to include sustainable materials as compounding ingredients. One of the sustainable materials is micronised rubber powder produced from end-of-life tyres. This research work will present the effect of different grades of micronised rubber powder on rheological, mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of tyres compound with its usage limit.

What the audience will learn

  • Addressing Curcularity
  • Reuse of ELT
  • Characteristics of Recycled Materials
  • Processability with Recucled materials
  • Compound propeerties with recucled materials

Sustainable polyesters equivalent to petro-sourced, pull low LCA recycling.

François Bataille
Senior Fellow, Textile Cords and Plies
Sustainable PET must couple recycling or biosource technologies with favorable Life Cycle Assessment during tire reinforcement use. To days properties of textile, from the microstructure to the tire performance, are unchanged by recycling, whether mechanical from clear bottle limited feedstock or chemical from varied origins. The Michelin Group's targets of 40% sustainable materials by 2030 and 100% by 2050, pull new technologies, matured by WHITECYCLE European project lead by Michelin.

What the audience will learn

  • Sustainable Polyesters meet technical performances of petro sourced products
  • Next generations will require to widen scrap feedstocks.
  • WHITECYCLE project tackles accurate and optimized LCA

Optimizing Europe's road quality with recycled rubber asphalt

Stephan Rau
Managing Technical Director (CTO)
German Rubber Manufacturers Association (wdk)
For the sustainable transformation of mobility in Europe to succeed, it is not only necessary to switch to e-cars, but also to efficiently rehabilitate the road network. Asphalt modified with tire rubber can make a valuable contribution here. The durable rubber asphalt sustainably improves road quality throughout the EU, keeps raw materials from End-of-Life Tyres in the recycling loop, and pays off ecologically and economically. A ZIM project group is to advance the technology of the future.

What the audience will learn

  • Environmentally compatible recycling of End-of-Life Tyres into rubber powder
  • Modification of road bitumen and asphalt with recycled rubber powder
  • Ecological and economic advantages of rubber asphalt on Europe's roads
  • Realization of a future-oriented tire recycling economy in Europe

Forging partnerships in the tires value chain for a sustainable future

Pedro Moura Lopes
Chief Sustainability Officer
Achieving the tires industry's sustainability ambitions requires value-chain collaboration. Kraton's pragmatically designed strategic roadmap intertwines our commitment to sustainability, innovation, and advancing the journey toward reducing resource consumption and GHG emissions. Join us as we share our progress, highlight our value chain partnerships, and demonstrate how our collective industry efforts can drive significant change for a sustainable future.

What the audience will learn

  • Value Chain Partnerships
  • Sustainability Road Map
  • Intertwining sustainability and innovation

Innovative additive solutions for sustainable tire manufacturing

Dr Christian Wahlen
Technology Development Manager Specialty Additives
With a strong legacy in reinforcement resins and steel cord-to-rubber adhesion promoter systems, we are committed to replace chemicals of high concern in tire compounding. After replacing resorcinol in cord adhesion systems, our latest breakthrough innovation enables the replacement of cobalt salts, paving the way for a safer and greener tire industry. To go one step beyond, we broaden the technology basis as additive supplier for rubber applications by leveraging our broad material know how.

What the audience will learn

  • Steel cord-to-rubber adhesion promoter systems
  • Cobalt salt alternatives
  • Replacement of chemicals of high concern in tire manufacturing
  • Sustainable additive developments

How sustainability and performance can go hand in hand

Malte Wohlfahrt
Global R&D Director
The tire industry has widely embraced the goals of the Paris climate agreement, which rely on zero-emission raw materials for successful implementation. For synthetic rubber, investing in low- and zero- carbon energy and feedstocks is key to this transition. At the same time, meeting the requirements of the upcoming Euro 7 legislation without compromising on performance is critical. This paper addresses how sustainability and performance can work in tandem when value chain collaboration and leveraging the appropriate bio-based, renewable and recycled materials are combined with a common goal in mind: 40% sustainable content by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2050.

What the audience will learn

  • The role and significance of net-zero feedstocks in synthetic rubber production for tire manufacturing.
  • Understanding how carbon-free energy and bio-butadiene enable the production of emission-free synthetic rubber.
  • The availability and potential of bio-based, renewable and recycled raw materials in line with the industry's 2030 targets.
  • Insights into R&D activities that ensure compliance with the upcoming Euro 7 legislation without sacrificing tire performance.
  • A roadmap outlining value chain collaboration strategies to achieve the sustainability milestones set for 2030 and 2050.

Sustainable and safe processing aids for silica filled compounds

Dr Cristian Oprisoni
Head of Application Development
LANXESS Deutschland GmbH
Processing aids are indispensable in optimizing the mixing and extrusion of silica-filled compounds, elevating critical attributes such as abrasion and rolling resistance thereby bolstering the sustainability of the final products. Ensuring the inherent safety of these processing aids is paramount. This paper aims to elucidate strategies for formulating processing aids in a sustainable manner, utilizing high-natural-content ingredients, thereby ensuring the utmost safety for everyone involved.

What the audience will learn

  • Composition of well known processing aids
  • Sustainable formulation of processing aids
  • Advantages of using processing aids in functionalized rubbers

Applications of devulcanized rubber made from truck tyres

Prof Ivan Chodak
Senior Scientist
Polymer Institute SAS
Devulcanized rubber (DvR) is used as a partial substitution for rubbers in recipes for various rubber goods. In the lecture, several examples of the application of DvR are shown, the most demanding is a partial substitution of virgin rubber in recipes for tractor tyres. The recommended portion of DvR are discussed considering the changes of ultimate properties, as well as the possible modifications of DvR containing blends by fillers, additives, and optimizing the vulcanization systems.

What the audience will learn


Pyrolysis of specific parts of the ELT tires

Krzysztof Wróblewski
Contec S.A.
Increasing interest in sustainable raw materials during last few years led to implementation of rCB in many rubber applications, also in tires manufacturing. Consistency in quality is one of the key pillars of success in rCB adoption in manufacturing and a challenge for chemical recyclers as the feedstock variability is high in both short and long term.

What the audience will learn

  • Consistency in quality is one of the key pillars of success in rCB adoption in manufacturing and a challenge for chemical recyclers as the feedstock variability is high in both short and long term.
  • Collaboration within tire manufacturing ecosystem brought possible solutions
  • Increasing interest in sustainable raw materials during last few years led to implementation of rCB in many rubber applications, also in tires manufacturing

Sustainable origin feed stocks offer a pathway towards better processing

Colin Clarke
Director Technical Sales
Schill+Seilacher Struktol GmbH
Chemicals called process additives are frequently used during tire production stages. Benefits are wide ranging, from dispersion and flow improvement, control of tack and maintenance of green strength, through to enhancement of mould flow and release. The drive towards greater sustainability, including increased usage of bio derived or recycled content feedstock suitable for rubber process additives has revealed new opportunities to maximise performance. This presentation will highlight steps taken towards increasing sustainable index within several types of process additive and will compare the performance obtained with that of established equivalent products.

What the audience will learn

  • Technical aspects and benefits from use of process additives
  • Opportunities to increase the sustainbility aspects concerning this chemical class
  • Additinal performance benefits are possible by use of new alternative chemical types

Rubber recycling - devulcanisation process on the planetary roller extruder

Frank Fuchs
Head of Sales - Marketing
ENTEX Rust & Mitschke GmbH
Huge quantities of rubber waste – e.g. hundreds of millions of used tyres annually – need recycling processes that will take them beyond a secondary use in riding stables, as gym mats or as an admixture in building materials. Processes are needed that break the sulphur bridges and preserve the carbon bonds and thus lead to recycled materials that can be reused as raw materials to produce e.g. new car tyres and rubber mouldings.

What the audience will learn

  • The patented devulcanisation process with the Planetary Roller Extruder ensures an optimal temperature-pressure profile, through which the material is devulcanised quickly without significantly breaking down the carbon chains of the elastomers.
  • During this process, volatile substances and vapours are largely evacuated by means of tailored degassing at several points of the process section.
  • The recycled material properties are in the same range as they are for the virgin compound.
  • It can be added to the virgin raw materials and processed to the initial product.
  • Practical implementation in industrial scale together with Circular Rubber Technologies:

Creating a better tomorrow through a holistic sustainability approach

Alessandra Spaghetti
Sustainability & LCA Lead
Bekaert, a global market leader in material science of steel wire transformation and coating technologies, is determined to improve life and create value for all its stakeholders. Our sustainability strategy, Creating a better tomorrow, is embedded in our purpose and ambition. When it comes to the tire industry, our goal is to drive towards a more sustainable world in mobility. We aim to establish the new possible by pioneering transformative innovations that set standards for the industry.

What the audience will learn

  • How is Bekaert, enabling net-zero future with its sustainability strategy
  • Update on the progress that we have made from global Bekaert perspective
  • Exploring sustainable solutions for the tire industry: how Bekaert facilitates customer’s sustainability ambitions

Retreaded tires pay off ecologically and economically

Clemens Zimmermann
Division Manager
Marangoni Retreading Systems Deutschland GmbH
Tires are an important success factor not only in Formula 1, but also in road traffic. The mileage, rolling resistance and sustainability of tires influence the economy and eco-balance of vehicles of all kinds. Retreaded tires offer clear ecological advantages with the same quality and safety as comparable new tires. They are also often significantly cheaper to purchase. Commercial vehicle premium tires can be retreaded several times. Thus, their total mileage easily reaches 1,000,000 km.

What the audience will learn

  • Retreading is the silver bullet of sustainable tyre recycling management
  • Current techniques and processes for retreading tyres
  • Positive life cycle assessment of retreading by the Fraunhofer Institute UMSICHT
  • Performance-cost analysis of retreaded commercial vehicle tyres by AZuR
  • Certified end-of-life tyre disposal as the basis for retreading

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

Trends in reinforcing fillers 2024

Paul Ita
Senior Consultant
Notch Consulting
This paper looks at current conditions and future prospects for reinforcing fillers (carbon black, precipitated silica) used in tire & rubber applications. Topics covered include the upcoming ban on imports of Russian carbon black into the EU and its effects on carbon black trade flows and prices; circularity and sustainability initiatives in the tire industry and their long-term effect on fillers; and the outlooks for alternative materials including recovered carbon black and RHA silica.

React or non-react? Insights into silica/silane/functionalized SBR compounds

Prof Anke Blume
University Professor
University of Twente
Functionalized SBR are widely used for modern passenger car tire tread compounds. The functional groups are introduced in a silica / silane-filled SSBR to enhance the polymer-filler interactions, however, what kind of reactions take place compound in the presence of the functionalized SBR were not clarified yet. In this study, different possible interaction / coupling reactions in a silica/silane compound with functionalized SBRs were investigated.

What the audience will learn

  • reactivity of functionalized SBRs
  • reactivity of sulfur silanes and silica
  • insights into reactions in a tire tread compound

High performance tread for TBR tire application

Kumar Vineet
Assistant Manager (R&D)
Balkrishna Industries Limited (BKT)
The tread compound must be engineered to achieve an optimized balance between rolling resistance, wet grip, and abrasion resistance properties in tires. TBR tread recipe used in this study are based on natural rubber and polybutadiene rubber blends with carbon black and silica dual filler system along with compatibilizer to facilitate the filler dispersion in the rubber matrix. Substantial improvement of rolling resistance is achieved in tread compound containing dual fillers.

What the audience will learn

  • Performance and durability parameters
  • Role of compatibilizer in dispersion enhancement
  • Effects of Dual filler system on functional properties of tire
  • Hysterisis in tread compound
  • Next generation TBR tire

Influence of polymer microstructure - property relation on tyre performance

Anup Mondal
Senior Compounder
Apollo Tyres Global R&D BV
In tyre technology 3 critical properties that development focusing on RR, Wear and Wet Grip called Magic Triangle. Challenge for tyre development is to improve all performance without deteriorating other performance. In tread compound, SSBR & silica are usually used to maintain tyre performance. It is very challenging to achieve /or balance tread rubber performance as desired. In this seminar, we will demonstrate polymer microstructure-property relationship and it influence on tyre performance.

What the audience will learn

  • Impact of polymer microstructure
  • Polymer microstructure -property relationship
  • Polymer microstructure impact on tyre performance
  • Corresponding direction can be used to accomplish preferred tyre performance
  • Design tread compound

New aspects of vulcanization for tires

Yuko Ikeda
Academic Advisor and Professor Emeritus
Research Institute for Production Development and Kyoto Institute of Technology
The vulcanization chemistry of rubber is complicated. It has been difficult to understand the vulcanization mechanism in detail. This presentation introduces the sophisticated aspects of the CBS-accelerated vulcanization of isoprene rubber using ZnO and stearic acid. The combination of ZnO with the other curing reagents is crucial for the chemical cross-linking of the rubber molecules and controlling the structural network inhomogeneity in the vulcanization. As expected in The American Chemical Society Office of Public Affairs’ Weekly PressPac’ in 2015, the content of this presentation may be “New insight into how rubber is made could improve tires, reduce air pollution”.

What the audience will learn

  • Newly observed characteristics of vulcanization
  • New vulcanization mechanism
  • Two-phase network morphology of vulcanizates
  • Reinforcement effect by vulcanization
  • Template effect of zinc oxide for controlling vulcanization

New low Tg functional SSBR for EV tire

Min Sung Kwon
Chief Researcher
Korea Kumho Petrochemical Co., LTD
As EV car market is expanding, demand for new SSBR is increasing compared to the past. We are focusing on developing SSBR for LRR & wear resistance. In this presentation, we introduce low Tg SSBR with next-generation functionalities.

What the audience will learn

  • Trend of new SSBR
  • Requirement of EV tire
  • Silica compounding result

New thermoplastic elastomers from renewable resources for tire applications

Dr Vito Capaccio
Raw Material Senior Specialist
Prometeon Tyre Group
Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are a distinct class of copolymers characterized by dynamic polymer networks, specifically physical and reversible chains-entanglements. The synthesis of novel sustainable TPEs tailored for application in tire formulation was carried out. This achievement was made possible through the utilization of living controlled radical polymerization processes and offers a promising avenue for the development of eco-friendly elastomeric materials for the automotive industry.

What the audience will learn

  • The innovative synthesis of green TPEs via living controlled radical polymerization processes
  • The comprehensive characterization of the TPEs copolymers' microstructure
  • TPEs rectivity

Use of silane terminated resins in a new high NR loading tread formulation

Vincent Greff
Rubber Technical Manager
Cray Valley - TotalEnergies
Silane-terminated resins are proven to be powerful for EV tire formulation. A new step towards tires with higher sustainable content has been identified, reinforcing the versatility of such resins. It has been highlighted that Silane-terminated resins are crucial to the incorporation of high Natural Rubber content within the tread formulation. By the present study we will show that, Silane-terminated resins are able to maintain the overall performance of tread with high Natural Rubber loadings.

What the audience will learn

  • Incorporation of high NR content within a tread formulation is possible
  • Unique behavior of Silane-terminated resins
  • Bio-content of the tire is increased (through NR and Silane terminated resins)

E2C® solutions for sustainability and performance for the tire applications

Dr Dhaval Doshi
Director, Products and Formulation for Applications, E2C
Cabot Corporation
In this presentation Cabot will highlight advances in new E2C solutions that increase sustainable materials content, decrease tire company Scope 2 & 3 emissions, and deliver significant performance and sustainability benefits for tire applications.

What the audience will learn

  • An overview to elastomer composite technology and its associated advantages.
  • The use of elastomer composites in different tire applications.
  • Elastomer composites reduce Scope 2 and 3 emissions by enabling lighter and more fuel-efficient products.
  • Recent advancements in elastomer composites improving tire performance.
  • Elastomer composites push durability boundaries and drive innovation through flexible formulations.

Making it stick - SVHC-free tackifiers optimized for high-silica tread

Dr Nancy Winchester
Director R&D Rubber & Adhesives
SI Group
Increasingly, widely used phenolic tackifiers are coming under regulatory pressure. At the same time, the performance requirements of tires, especially for demanding applications, e.g. electric vehicles, become ever more challenging. As a leading supplier to the industry, SI Group has developed SVHC-free tackifiers with optimized performance even in high-silica tread compounds. A case study of selected new tackifiers will be presented and their application benefits discussed.

What the audience will learn

  • Regulatory status and outlook for phenolic tackifiers
  • Challenges in tire building of low-RR EV tires
  • New class of SVHC-free tackifiers developed at SI Group
  • Structure/property relationships in SVHC-free tackifiers
  • New optimized SVHC-free tackifiers for high-silica tread

Multifunctional SSBR & LiBR for EV and ULRR Tires

Dr Juin-Meng Yu
Principal Chemist
TSRC Corporation
TSRC uses state-of-the-art multiscale simulation and proprietary multiple-initiation synthesis & process technologies, we designed Gen 5 SSBR and Gen 4 low Tg polymers. The Gen 4 SSBR and LiBR products, targeting high silica-loaded EV tire treads, demonstrated 15-40% improvements in rolling resistance (R.R.), compounding efficiency, and wear resistance. Our newest Gen 5 SSBR further improved >10%. Also, we are devoted to incorporating renewable resources to maximize the sustainability impact.

What the audience will learn

  • How do we design the newest polymer using state-of-the-art technology to improve RR and wear?
  • How does the low Tg polymer and LiBR we designed improve the performance of high silica-loaded EV tire tread?
  • How is TSRC incorporating renewable sources to maximize sustainable impact?

Functionalized low-Tg SSBR and BR for high performance tires

Sven Thiele
Senior R&D Leader Process & Product Development S-SBR
Synthos Schkopau GmbH
New synthetic rubber development must consider a variety of tire design requirements in a diversified tire market, environmental challenges, and regulatory requirements. Currently, the priority is on low wear characteristics, excellent wet grip and low rolling resistance properties of HP tires. This performance target can be achieved with Synthos' new functionalized low Tg SSBR solutions which optimize tire compound performance in terms of low rolling resistance and high abrasion resistance.

What the audience will learn

Next generation high performance FX SSBR for the future tire

Thomas Rünzi
Head of Butadiene Rubbers Innovation
Current requirements for tire treads focus more and more towards improved wear abrasion due to both, environmental reasons, and high-torque acceleration in electric vehicles. To fulfil these challenging requirements, polymers such as NdBR and functionalized SSBRs play a crucial role. Besides functionalization technologies to increase the interaction with fillers, branching becomes more important to achieve acceptable processability behavior of the resulting tread compounds. These two types of modification, functionalization and coupling, are competing and need to be balanced to optimize tire performance, customer safety and longevity. Arlanxeo’s new functionalization technology allow for both modifications to occur simultaneously: 1) functionalization for gaining strong interaction with fillers, and 2) exceptionally high coupling in order to remain good processability. These two combined modifications offer the tire producer higher level of freedom for the type of silica to be used.

What the audience will learn

  • Functionalized SSBR
  • Low-Tg FX SSBR
  • Highly coupled SSBR
  • Compound processing

Effect of fillers on thermal oxidative aging behavior of rubbers

Dr Ulrich Giese
Managing Director
German Institute for Rubber Technology
Long term stability of rubber products is limited mainly by thermal-‎oxidative aging processes, which are depending on polymer structure and compound ‎ingredients. For optimization of properties of rubber ‎compounds fillers are necessary. So the objective of the study was to get ‎more knowledge about the influence of silica, carbon blacks and CNT on the ‎thermal oxidative stability and aging mechanisms. Systematic ‎investigations were performed by means of modern chemical and physical methods.

What the audience will learn

  • Mechanisms of thermal oxidative aging and influencing parameters
  • Effect of fillers on the kinetics of the aging processes
  • How to characterize quantitatively aging processes in rubbers
  • Accelerating testing methods for aging

Elucidating the impact of functionalized rubber coupled to silica

Marcin Sęk
PhD Candidate
Apollo Tyres Global R&D B.V.
The present study assesses the impact of pre-modified silica with functionalized SSBR polymer chains on in-rubber properties of tire tread compounds. Incorporating rubber-modified silica, along with a small amount of covering silane, enhances in-rubber properties, particularly by reducing filler-filler interactions.

What the audience will learn

  • Pre-modification of silica with rubber
  • Role of a covering silane
  • Impact of the system on in-rubber properties

Do silica-filled NR compounds require a stabilizer during mixing?

Ammarin Kraibut
University of Twente
Results from prior work have illustrated that the final properties of silica-reinforced Natural Rubber vulcanizates drop down for mixing dump temperatures higher than 160 degree C. This may be attributed to several factors, i.e. degradation of the Natural Rubber main chains; decomposition of silica-silane-rubber coupling, and/or interference with the silanization reaction by various compounding substances. The present work identifies what are the crucial reasons for this observation.

What the audience will learn

  • Stabilizer helps to suppress rubber degradation during mixing.
  • Stabilizer interferes silanization reaction.
  • ntricate balance is needed during the mixing of silica/silane-NR compounds.

Multivariate approach in compound development by alternative raw materials

Dr Kamyar Alavi
Senior Technical Advisor
Striving to reach sustainable development is high on the agenda for the tyre industry, while acknowledging different ways to contribute to sustainability. In this work we will employ a multivariate analysis approach to compound development with biobased and alternative raw materials. At the same time we will also take a look into other ways of reducing the environmental impact of the industry, such as energy efficient production and lowered rolling resistance, from a tyre oil perspective.

What the audience will learn

  • Non-converntional raw materials
  • Multivariate analysis approach
  • Naphthenic tyre oils

Integration of certified and sustainable raw material for tire production

Dr Jan Henke
Meo Carbon Solutions; ISCC
Tire manufacturers are under pressure to achieve climate neutrality targets. The use of sustainable natural rubber and of recycled raw materials can contribute to these targets. Third party multi-stakeholder certification systems can be used to credibly certify sustainability on rubber plantations, raw material identity, recycled materials, to establish traceability based on specific chain of custody approaches, to determine recycling rates and to make on and off-product claims to customers.

What the audience will learn

  • Use of sustainable and recycled materials to achieve company commitments
  • How to prepare for sustainability certification and run mass balance systems
  • How to integrate certified sustainable and recycled shares into existing supply chains

Towards eco-friendly tire tread compounds by using silane-modified palm oil

Dr Chesidi Hayichelaeh
Chulalongkorn University
This work is focused on the use of silane-modified palm oil in silica-reinforced SBR/BR blends for tire treads. The modified oil reduced filler-filler interactions and increased filler-rubber interactions, resulting in superior mechanical properties, when compared to the ones with DAE and TDAE. In addition, tire performances are also improved. This is due to a shielding effect of oil molecules on to silica surface via silane bridge, leading to good compatibility between silica and rubber matrix.

What the audience will learn

  • Palm oil is modified by silane to be used as a rubber process oil
  • Silane-modified palm oil affects filler-rubber interaction.
  • Silane-modified palm oil promotes tire performances. Learning point 4

Asahi Kasei’s new selectively hydrogenated SBR for 6PPD reduced usage

Dr Daisuke Hayata
Asahi Kasei Corporation
Asahi Kasei's project aims to reduce 6PPD in rubber compounds using hydrogenated SBR (HSBR), improving fatigue resistance. HSBR has shown superior ozone resistance and can double fatigue resistance when substituting high-cis BR. A notable use of HSBR is in tire sidewalls, which face UV rays and ozone and demand high resistance. HSBR's resilience could decrease tire replacements from sidewall degradation, promoting sustainability by potentially lengthening the rubber product lifespan.

What the audience will learn

  • HSBR allows for reduced 6PPD additive usage.
  • HSBR boosts fatigue resistance.
  • HSBR promotes longer rubber lifespan.

Biobased silica dispersion additives for tire tread performance improvement

Dr Andrew Franjesevic
Senior Chemist
Ingevity Corporation
Tire manufacturers face increasing standards for performance including rolling resistance as well as sustainability. This study explored the silica dispersion and performance benefits of fatty acid amine adduct chemistry in sSBR tire tread formulas. The results show improved overall silica dispersion as measured by the Payne Effect. Additionally, performance benefits were observed for ice traction, wet traction, and rolling resistance with minimal impacts on physical and performance properties.

What the audience will learn

  • Fatty acid amine chemistry design for optimum performance
  • Performance benefits of use of fatty acid amine adducts in tire tread formulas
  • About the Ingevity's portfolio of bio-based rubber solutions such as tackifiers and emulsifiers

New functionalized LiBR for enhanced tire compounds

Federico S. Grasso
Technical Manager - Tyre
Versalis SpA
The development of new tyre compounds is currently driven by enhanced performances, high fuel-efficiency, durability and sustainability concepts. A new generation fn-LiBR is introduced, in order to provide optimal solutions for enhanced tyre applications. Combinations of fn-LiBR with fn- SSBR or NR systems are discussed and results compared to reference Nd-BR. The eco-sustainability of elastomers can be ensured through the mass balance approach, by the adoption of ISCC Plus certified monomers.

What the audience will learn

  • Use of fn-LiBR in low RR tyres
  • bio-attributed polymers and mass balance approach
  • suitable polymer combinations for the improvement of tyre performances
  • summer and all-season silica tread recipes

New novel additives, greatly improving tire sustainability & performance

Luc Ter Bogt
Business Development Lead EMEA & India
Momentive Performance Materials
Momentive Tire&Rubber Silanes will present an update of its sustainability roadmap. The presentation will show the new reduced carbon footprint of its current in-market silanes. Also, laboratory and road performance tire data will be shared, to show how a new generation advanced silane can significantly reduce tire-use phase related emissions. Advanced silanes can have a significant impact on most of the tire life-cycle phases and help tire producers achieve their tire sustainability targets.

What the audience will learn

  • Silanes are additives with significant impact on tire performance
  • Advanced Silanes can help reduce the tire footprint
  • Momentive Advanced Silanes contain a high percentage of renewable carbon

Solvay silicas combined with advanced silanes to answer to eV requirements

Dr Anne-Laure Pinault
R&I and Global Technical Marketing Manager
Since the launch of Green Tires in the 90’s, Solvay silica is constantly offering innovative precipitated silica grades to improve the life cycle assessment (performance & sustainability). To go one step beyond, Solvay silica specialty grades combined with advanced silanes are offering a significant step forward to answer to the srip, rolling resistance and wear performance needs from the electric vehicles and to future regulation (TWRP, CO2 emissions.

What the audience will learn

  • Solvay specialty silicas combined with advanced silane are bringing significative benefit on tire performance
  • The use of solvay silicas in formulation improve global LCA of tires
  • Solvay specialty silicas combined with advanced silane is bringing a enhanced solution to answer to eV specific needs

Bio-sourced ultra-accelerator NAUGARD BIO-XL - ideal replacement for DPG?

Joachim Kiesekamp
Senior Market Development Manager - Elastomers & Rubber
SI Group
Diphenylguanidine (DPG) has been used since decades as a secondary accelerator especially in silica-filled tread compounds for 'green' tires. Increasingly, it is coming under Regulatory pressure due to its toxicity profile. In a current high-silica formulation, NAUGARD BIO-XL ultra-accelerator is shown to be an effective replacement for DPG, improving cure while maintaining cirtical mechanical and dynamic properties. NAUGARD BIO-XL is unique in being SVHC-free and offering >85% bio content.

What the audience will learn

  • DPG toxicity profile requires substitution in compounds
  • DPG is a primary extractable when water-leachng tread wear particles
  • NAUGARD BIO-XL ultra-accelerator offers better scorch/speed of cure balance
  • NAUGARD BIO-XL maintains critical mechanical and dynamic properties
  • NAUGARD BIO-XL does not form harmful nitrosamines (per TRGS 552) and has >85% bio content - an ideal fit for sustainable tires

Effect of rCB on the permeation behaviour of halobutyl tyre inner liner

Paul Marchant
Senior Scientist
Avon Protection
The influence of furnace carbon black content on the barrier performance of halo-butyl compounds is well understood. A recent study by the Materials Innovation Group at Avon Protection has shown the level of improvement through the use of rCB may be enhanced compared to grades of furnace black used in tyre inner liner. Hypotheses for this behaviour will be shared and the influence of rCB feedstock type on permeation in optimised formulations will also be presented.

What the audience will learn

  • Effect of rCB in Inner Liner
  • Effect on permeation properties
  • Influence of rCB feedstock type
  • Influence of formulation optimisation

Effect of SBR main-chain structure modification for tire performance

Michitaka Kaizu
Technical Team, General Manager
ENEOS Materials Europe GmbH
To respond to Climate Change, there is a strong need in automotive/tire industries to improve rolling and wear resistance, durability, and grip in compounds, raw materials, and synthetic rubber. Research on SBR, the main material of tread compounds, has focused on modification technology, increased molecular weight, improved rolling resistance, tensile strength, and wear resistance. This study focuses on the main-chain structure and its effect on compound structural and physical properties.

What the audience will learn

  • Effect of main-chain structure on compound structural
  • Effect of main-chain structure on physical properties
  • Structural analysis

Influence of hydrogenation of resins on the performance of tire treads

Lutz Kirchner
Application Technician
Rain Carbon Germany GmbH
Partially and fully hydrogenated hydrocarbon resins improve the performance of tire treads. This work shows the connection between the degree of hydrogenation and the behavior in rubber compounds. Polymers of different polarity and different curing methods are used to investigate the influence of hydrogenation. Finally, emphasis is pointed at the improvement of tire tread performance by using commercially available resins from Rain Carbon.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire tread properties can be improved by hydrogenated resins.
  • Influence of degree of hydrogenation on performance shown.
  • Different behavior in different polymers is investigated.

Moving the tire industry into renewable filler era

Dr Tamara Markova
Strategy Advisor
Biolanic Sp. z o.o.
Global ecological trends mean that tire fillers provide no or significantly less negative impact on the environment. New 100% bio-based BioTorpine oils have similar properties to aromatic mineral-based rubber process oils. However, the BioTorpine oils have lower impact on the environment and involved in the recycling of the paper production chain. Using of bio-based oils in tires and synthetic rubber helps to lower greenhouse gas emissions and reduce dependency on fossil resources.

What the audience will learn

  • New trends in raw materials for tires & rubber
  • Differences and similarities of bio-based oils and mineral-based oils used in tires & rubber
  • Benefits of using bio-based oils both for the environment and tire & rubber producers

Cheeshine modified vegetable oil as bio-plasticizer for tire application

Hai Li
Director of R&D Center
Jiangsu CheeShine Performance Materials Co., Ltd.
Cheeshine has developed different series of modified cashew oil and soybean oil. The special modification improves the processing property, excellent low temperature performance, good plasticizing effect, excellent physical property, low rolling resistance. This presentation will introduce the application of different modified vegetable oils in tire formulation.

What the audience will learn

  • Bio-based plasticizer
  • Modified cashew oil
  • Modified soybean oil
  • 100% Sustainable materials

New high mooney EZ grade for tire applications

Jiawen Zhou
TSAD Manager
Since decades, tire manufactures are focusing on the development of tires with low rolling resistance & low abrasion. The development of new polymers is essential for any improvement in tire performance. The change from Co BR & Ni BR to Nd BR enabled a big improvement step of the dynamic performance of tires. The new trial grade Buna® Nd 20 EZ VP with its modified polymeric structure combined with high Mooney viscosity enables a further improvement in the dynamic properties in tire applications.

What the audience will learn

  • Buna Nd 20 EZ VP – a new grade for tire applications
  • Improving key tire performances
  • High Mooney viscosity Nd BR balanced with good processing behavior

Liquid rubber, a cross-linkable plasticizer

Yoshikazu Ueno
Assistant Manager
Kuraray Co., Ltd.
Kuraray developed a series of liquid rubber products with molecular weights ranging from a few thousands to one hundred thousand. These polymers which consist of isoprene, butadiene and styrene are used by tire manufacturers to achieve improvements in processing and tire performance. This presentation covers the latest study of the effects of liquid rubber on processability. Kuraray will present the advantages of using liquid rubbers in model tire tread formulations.

What the audience will learn

  • Liquid rubber
  • Tire formulation
  • Mixing process

Next generation sustainable & bio-source RTMB solution for tires

Didier Pluquin
Senior Technical Service Manager
SI Group
SI Group is a leader in phenolic resin additive technology for the rubber industry. SI Group’s additives are used in an array of rubber applications, including tires and technical rubber goods. In the tire industry, SI Group offers resins to promote metal-to-rubber adhesion, which is of great importance in the tire manufacturing process. SI Group developed ELAZTOBOND® B8-3410, a resorcinol-free phenolic resin useful for providing a robust metal-to-rubber and Fabric bond.

What the audience will learn

  • Rubber to metal solution
  • Bio-source
  • Mixing energy
  • Safer for processing
  • Commercially available

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

LEON-T project: Modelling performance of an airless truck tire prototype

Dr Ulf Sandberg
Senior Research Leader
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
In the EU project LEON-T, in WP5, one of the aims is to produce prototypes for a noise-reducing airless truck tire. This presentation will present the general idea behind the concept, then present the prototype in physical format and why it looks like it does. The first tests and observations for the rolling tire, as well as rolling resistance and hopefully also noise test results will be presented. Finally the remaining work in WP5 and potentially also our ideas of how the prototype(s) may be optimized will be discussed. Co-authors are: H-E. Hansson, B. Anantharamaiah, R. Anadon, and P. Mioduszewski.

What the audience will learn

  • Idea behind the airless tyre produced in project LEON-T
  • The overall design of the first prototype tyre
  • Results of first rolling tests
  • Results of first rolling resistance tests
  • Results of first (external) noise tests

Abrasion testing with vehicle method – validation results

Frederic Biesse
Senior Fellow for Tyre Physics and Modelling
Dr Benjamin Oelze
Department Manager
ETRTO has been designing since 2018 an abrasion rate method for regulatory purposes. The feasibility study identified a vehicle test on public roads as a suitable method for passenger car tyres. Validation tests were done on 11 different tyre specifications, tested 4 times each with this method, to estimate test dispersion due to influencing parameters. In this presentation, an overview of the results and conclusions will be given. The status of the test method development will be reflected.

What the audience will learn

  • The principle and the main parameters of the abrasion method for regulatory purpose
  • The content of the validation plan, with tire effects, temperature effect, vehicle effect, circuit effect
  • The evaluation of the method dispersion, which is of importance in a regulatory context
  • The analysis of some possible causes of dispersion, and the possible improvements
  • An overview of the status of this regulatory abrasion method, and of the next steps

Effect of ambient temperature on truck tyre rolling resistance

Matthias Ussner
Senior Research Engineer
Scania CV AB
Dr Jukka Hyttinen
Research Engineer
Scania CV AB
EU-labelling of tyres mandates to measure rolling resistance at +25°C ambient temperature. For many purposes, such as dimensioning of batteries for electric vehicles, this value is not representative enough. In this presentation, the transient rolling resistance of a representative truck tyre was measured at different ambient temperatures (-30…+25°C) in a climate wind tunnel and a considerable temperature dependency on rolling resistance was found. Key findings from this study and an outlook on the range dependency of an electric long haulage truck on ambient temperature will be given.

What the audience will learn

  • Temperature dependency of rolling resistance
  • Highlight the importance of correct values for rolling resistance at low ambient temperatures
  • Show the influence of increased rolling resistance on electric long haulage truck range at low ambient temperatures
  • The rubber temperature measurement point has an influence on rolling resistance estimation
  • Show the change of transient rolling resistance at cold temperatures

Relation between tread wear and frictional work using FPS abrader

Tomoaki Iwai
Associate Professor
Kanazawa University
Wear experiment of tire tread rubber was conducted using FPS (Field Performance Simulation) abrader manufactured by UESHIMA SEISAKUSYO Co. Ltd., Japan by changing the severity. The relation between frictional work and wear rate were obtained. The normal load varied in 10 N, 20N, 40N and the circumferential speed of rubber specimen was 50, 100, 150, 200 m/min, respectively. The slip speed varied in 1, 10, 20 m/min by changing the slip ratio from 0.5 to 40%. As a result, Certain relation between introduced frictional work and wear rate was obtained. The relation varied as the applied normal load changed.

What the audience will learn

  • Relation between frictional work and wear rate of tire tread rubbber
  • Wear test using FPS (Field Performance Simulation) abrader manufactured by UESHIMA SEISAKUSYO Co. Ltd., Japan
  • Frictional work
  • Normal load change leads to different relation between frictional work and wear rate
  • Same Relation between coefficient of friction and slip ratio irrespective of different normal loads

The latest tyre modelling and testing developments at Jaguar Land Rover

Jan Prins
Technical Group Leader
JLR (Jaguar Land Rover)
The latest tyre modelling and testing developments at Jaguar Land Rover, with a specific focus on the introduction of CDTire

What the audience will learn

  • approach to tyre modelling in JLR
  • approach to tyre testing in JLR
  • the introduction of the CDTire type of tyre model into JLR

Finite element method application for tire tread pattern noise prediction

Dario Garofano
R&D FEA Engineer
Prometeon Tyre Group
Dr Alessandro Bellini
SIMULIA IPC Senior Specialist
Dassault Systemes Italia
During the last years, more and more electric vehicles were introduced on the market making noise produced by tires more predominant, increasing the interest on this phenomenon. Also new European regulations have arisen to reduce tire noise. In the presentation, the entire workflow to simulate the noise produced by a truck tire in a near field indoor condition is shown by means of fem with an explicit procedure and the use of a Vibro-Acoustics Simulation Software, Abaqus & Wave6.

What the audience will learn

  • Noise phenomenon applied to truck tire
  • Finite element method, explicit procedure
  • Vibro Acoustic Software Capabilities
  • Tire Tread Pattern influence on Tire Noise
  • Abaqus Specific Workflow for Tire Noise

Characterisation of Schallamach surface structures at tire tread material

Dr Frank Schmerwitz
Senior Engineer
Continental Reifen Deutschland GmbH
The transfer of force from the tire to the road results in the formation of a boundary layer on the tread material. The characteristic feature of this boundary layer are wave-like patterns on a microscopic scale. These patterns form and change with each revolution of the wheel, they are modified by the detachment of rubber material and by the intake of road dust - and they are characteristic to the friction mechanism and to the abrasion mechanism.

What the audience will learn

  • Visualisation of the dynamics of the change in the patterns using stroboscope principle opposite to footprint in indoor testing. The wave-like patterns are moving material and particles are detaching from the wave crests.
  • Suitable parameters for characterizing the surface structures
  • Conclusions about the rubber wear mechanism and a certain correlation to the mass loss of the tire.

Mathematical method of speciality tire design

Zoran Markovic
The mathematical method of NHS tire design (Neutral contour method) offers the scientific way to determine a proper tire/mold shape contour and its components parameters. The tire model designed by this method is proven to get correct tire carcass construction and perform with great durability in the field service application.

What the audience will learn

  • To define the scientific way of NHS tire /mold contour
  • To choose appropriate tire components and its geometry parameters
  • To reduce number of development trials and get products to serve its purpose

Non-isothermal testing in rubber technology

Prof Jorge Lacayo-Pineda
Head of Expert Field for Materials Evaluation
Continental Reifen Deutschland GmbH
In common practice, rubber testing is frequently performed under simplified conditions assuming that isothermal curing or isothermal relaxation are adequate, regardless of the real application. A review of innovative methods for the non-isothermal characterization of rubber is presented here to motivate their broader use for a better differentiation of rubber compounds in real processes.

What the audience will learn

  • The concept of non-isothermal kinetics of vulcanization and examples of application
  • The concept of non-isothermal relaxation and examples of application for cured and uncured rubber
  • Innovative test methods for non-isothermal testing of rubber

Tyre parameters and their influence on accelerated pass by noise

Bharath Sagar Bangaru
NVH Engineer
Apollo Tyres Ltd
Bharatkumar Makwana
Manager- Predevelopment
Apollo Tyres Global R&D
In Europe, noise regulations are becoming stringent and posing a challenge to the Automotive industry. For OE business meeting strict Accelerated Pass-By-Noise target is very important for Tyre industry because Tyre is one of the major influencing components. This presentation focuses on Accelerated Pass-by-Noise (R51) and how it can be influenced by changing Tyre parameters like construction changes, cavity, tread pattern, material properties, and operating parameters.

What the audience will learn

Experimental measurements of rubber friction and flash temperature

Tom Sanders
Doctoral Researcher
Loughborough University
According to Persson’s theory, flash temperature significantly influences friction, but is notoriously difficult to estimate. This work presents a new friction testing device for field measurement of both near-contact temperature and friction. The correlation between test data and model predictions is studied in some detail and we also discuss the use of the proposed rig for friction model parameter identification.

What the audience will learn

  • Background on flash temperature and the effect on friction
  • The difficulties with validating and why low sliding speeds may not be representative.
  • How the device works, and the benefits in-situ testing has compared to lab testing.
  • Correlation between measurements and the physics based friction and heating models.
  • How measurements can be used to to parameterise friction and tyre models.

Novel applications of an advanced thermo-mechanical tire model

Mateo Gladstone
Director R&D
Calspan’s thermo-mechanical tire model has been developed to better address current and future needs of the automotive industry. Its real-time capabilities coupled with its advanced contact patch model have opened new types of simulations and enabled advanced analysis of tire performance in unprecedented ways. The benefits of these enhanced capabilities are presented in various examples of practical applications, from reducing tread wear emissions to improving vehicle handling correlation.

What the audience will learn

  • Learn about state-of-the-art TM tire model
  • Discover innovative applications in tire simulation
  • Discover inovative methods in tire analysis with never before seen graphs

Utilization of the solid percolation point for silica in tread compounds

Norbert Kendziorra
Elastomer Materials and Statistics
This paper focuses on designing high-performance silica compounds for tires. The solid percolation point (SPP) of precipitated silica is evaluated for its role in enhancing wet grip and rolling resistance of rubber compounds. The paper presents a method for measuring the SPP and an adapted receipt tool to aid compound designers. Furthermore, a spatial material model is introduced to draw meaningful conclusions.

What the audience will learn

  • Silica in tread compounds for high grip
  • What is the solid percolation point of a filler
  • Relevance of the solid percolation point for silica compounds?
  • Mechanical characteristics of high fillers loading in rubber compounds
  • Simple geometric silica model

Novel methodology for data processing on friction models with validation

Stefano Avolio
Ph.D. Candidate
University of Naples Federico II
Tyre grip is dramatically affected, among many parameters, by viscoelastic material behavior of tread compound and road roughness and how these parameters are measured and processed. Here we propose a practical and standardized methodology, developed with Pirelli, for acquiring and processing surface data, combined with a technique of tire tread non-destructive viscoelastic characterization. The results of the friction models are validated on data obtained with a new Linear Friction Tester.

What the audience will learn

  • Road Roughness
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Friction
  • Experimental Testing

Prediction of new tyre profile using combined shaping and curing simulation

Mrinmoy Mondal
Deputy Manager
Hari Shankar Singhania Elastomer & Tyre Research Institute
Amitabha Saha
General Manager
Hari Shankar Singhania Elastomer & Tyre Research Institute
The precise shape of the new tyre is imperative to all subsequent analysis. The tyre owes its shape to vulcanization, where all the components undergo high deformation before curing rendering it permanent. However, even after its removal from the mould, the tyre experiences residual mechanical and thermal stresses from reinforcements and other rubber components. The current work simulates the stage-wise deformation and the effect of stresses developed during the process.

What the audience will learn

  • How the deformation occurs inside the mould when a green tyre takes shape as well as the interaction among bladder, green tyre and mould
  • Changes in the reinforcement cords in terms of angle and spacing as well as the residual stress.
  • Capturing the phenomena like generation of belt waviness, bead rotation and material folding during the shaping of green tyre.
  • The temperature profile and state of cure profile during curing.
  • Effect of residual stress of reinforcement cords and effect of thermal shrinkage of rubber components on the final geometry of tyre.

Experimental validation of exterior tire noise simulation

Franco Nelson Joseph
NVH Simulation and Modeling Expert
Apollo Tyres Global R&D
Introduction of EV’s made tire the major contributor in vehicle exterior noise and it is crucial to reduce it for the environment and product homologation. Tire noise is a complex phenomenon which involves different mechanisms such as tire impacts, air pumping and Horn effect etc. The challenge always is to model these mechanisms as close to reality to get accurate predictions. In this article we will review simulation validation of tires specifically designed and modeled using numerical methods.

What the audience will learn

  • Noise mechanism
  • Tire modelling and simulation
  • Experimental validation

Characterizing the mechanics and failure of innovative tire compounds

Dr Eric Euchler
Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research (IPF) Dresden
For tire compounds, the material´s resistances against crack initiation and propagation are of high importance in predicting the product´s lifetime. Considering realistic and application-oriented loading conditions, laboratory data shall be linked to real-world tire performance. In this study, innovative and sustainable tire concepts (modification by imidazole-cured BIIR or ENR) have been characterized by applying coupled testing methods to understand the damage evolution under fatigue loading.

What the audience will learn

  • modification of generic rubber compounds by incorporating rubbers with self-healing capability
  • fracture behavior of such tire compounds
  • application rubbers with self-healing capability

Testing and simulating tires on a wet surface: a novel approach

Francesco Todino
Research Engineer Advanced
Siemens Digital Industrial Software
Cliff Hodges
Technical Specialist
Global Center for Automotive Performance Simulation (GCAPS)
Virtual engineering is vital in automotive development and now requires a wider range of simulations, including non-dry surfaces. Thus, Siemens DISW, together with GCAPS and GM, is developing a novel physics-based wet tire model. Here, wet measurements executed with GCAPS’s wet test rig, with tires supplied by GM, are discussed, and physical trends identified. The wet tire model – an extension of MF-Tyre/MF-Swift – is then shown to replicate measurements, offering a new domain for simulations.

What the audience will learn

  • Why vehicle OEMs want to simulate in wet conditions
  • How you test tires in wet today
  • How and why tire models should model in wet conditions

Detection of the degradation during silica-silane-NR mixing

Dr Wisut Kaewsakul
Assistant Professor
University of Twente
Mixing of silica-filled Natural Rubber compounds encounters the adverse effects of rubber degradation, and/or the reversions of silica-silane-rubber coupling and sulfide crosslinks. To detect these phenomena, compound and vulcanizate properties were analyzed and correlated with the starting molecular characteristics of the materials. Results indicate two major competitive reactions taking place: Degradation of the elastomer chains and branch formation during the mixing step.

What the audience will learn

  • During silica-NR mixing, the degradation and branch formation in the compound occur.
  • Dynamic mechanical analysis with a frequency sweep can detect the small change of molecular chains / network due to the rubber degradation and branching / networking.
  • A stabilizer might be required during mixing silica-silane-NR compounds.

Elucidation of tyre tread generated smear wear properties

Evangelos Koliolios
PhD Student
Queen Mary University of London
This paper explores the microstructure of smear wear generated during the abrasion of tyre tread compounds made from either synthetic polyisoprene rubber or styrene-butadiene rubber, reinforced with either carbon black or silica. This study used a range of experimental techniques including Gel Permeation Chromatography, Dynamic Mechanical Analysis, Thermal Gravimetric Analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy on both fresh and aged smear wear to understand their structure and ageing mechanisms.

What the audience will learn

  • Smear wear generation during abrasion reduces tyre tread wear rate
  • Different tyre tread compound formulations generate smear wear of different mechanical and chemical properties
  • Mechanical and chemical properties of smear wear provide insight to its formation mechanisms and microstructure
  • Elucidating the microstructure and formation mechanisms of smear wear allows to improve our understanding of tyre tread abrasion

LEON-T project: Modeling performance of an airless truck tire prototype

Dr Juan J. García
Project Manager
Concept of airless tires have gained interest recently. In this work, an airless tire is modeled using finite elements and its radial, lateral and longitudinal stiffness are analyzed. It is found that the radial stiffness of the modeled tire is within the ranges of that of a conventional pneumatic tire, however, the longitudinal and lateral stiffness are 2.5 and 2 times higher, respectively. As future work, the same tire model will be used to study its modal behavior and noise characteristics.

What the audience will learn

  • Airless tyre
  • Tyre stiffness
  • Tyre noise
  • FE modelling of tyre
  • Modal behaviour of ailess tyre

Dixon-Mood 'staircase' fatigue test workflow applied on multi-head test equipment

Philippe van Bogaert
Bogimac Material Fatigue Testing Equipment
In the material labs the tyre reinforcement materials are validated for the different failure modes of the tire. Fatigue testing also differentiates the cord materials, constructions, grades & qualities between suppliers. The Efficient Dixon-Mood fatigue workflow can also handle modern multi-head testing equipment. On 1 single “runout” cycle count value, all tests run in a narrow load-cycles region of “near-failure” for highest statistical relevance. The load conditions evolve automatically with further improvements of specimen materials, grades, constructions & qualities. Specimens are all characterized by one quality value, enabling simple over-all type and over-time comparison between legacy, new and future grades.

What the audience will learn

  • in the material lab high cycle fatigue testing is needed on tire rubber reinforcement
  • fatigue test must be the relevant for the failure modes of reinforcement in the tire
  • defined test load and criteria must evolve with the future improvements on cord materials, grades & constructions
  • for maximum statistical precision all tests are done in a narrow test region around
  • the step-by-step Dixon-Mood is adapted for use on modern multi-head fatigue testing equipment

Tyre emissions from battery electric vehicles: wear rates and toxicity

Nick Molden
Founder & CEO
Emissions Analytics
This presentation will bring together original test results from Emissions Analytics on the links between tyre mass emissions and toxicity, placed in the context of the latest ‘EV specialist’ tyre models that have been brought to market. The headline findings are that the switch the electric vehicle creates a material risk of higher wear and greater toxicity, but this does not have to be the outcome if industry and regulators establish an effective framework for evaluating tyre emissions.

What the audience will learn

  • Variance in tyre chemical composition
  • Electric vehicles environmental impact
  • Need for regulation
  • Laboratory analytical techniques

Enhancing friction through pavement texture resolution optimization & implications for tire development

Dr Malal Kane
Research Director
Université Gustave Eiffel
This study determines optimal pavement texture resolution for friction accuracy. We used the Dynamic Friction Model (DFM) on textures at 10µm, 100µm, 500µm, 1000µm, and 5000µm. Surprisingly, 500µm (0.5mm) yielded the best results, challenging the push for higher resolutions. This work initiates discussions on the ideal resolution for friction characterization and will discuss how it could be employed for future tire design & development programs.

What the audience will learn

  • Capture the appropriate resolution of pavement texture that accurately represents its friction properties
  • The Dynamic Friction Model (DFM) to compute the friction
  • The optimal resolution under the study conditions was 500µm

Using lissajou curves for dynamic mechanical analysis

Pankaj Yadav
The DMA is a non-destructive characterization technique to study the mechanical behavior of a material, especially of tires as a function of strain, stress, frequency and temperature by applying a sinusoidal signal in form of stress or strain. When presenting stress as a function of strain, a loop called Lissajou Curve can be obtained. This approach could be used to calculate the viscoelastic properties using theoretical calculations and then validate the results obtained from the DMA.

What the audience will learn

  • Capabilities of Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
  • Temporal signal storage features
  • Validation of material properties

Tire characterization from acquisitions with an instrumented race vehicle

Davide Cortivo
Performance Engineer
Michelotto Engineering SpA
The presentation will focus on the methodology to perform tire characterization from racetrack testing with an instrumented Le Mans Hypercar. The tire forces, angles and slips are measured without any structural or aerodynamic modifications of the original vehicle components, then a procedure to process data and identify the scaling factors of the Pacejka’s Magic Formula is implemented to characterize temperature-dependent tire stiffness and friction coefficient with the road.

What the audience will learn

  • Measurement of tire forces, angles and slips during racetrack testing
  • Data processing for identification of Pacejka’s Magic Formula scaling factors
  • Tire-road friction dependency on temperature
  • Tire stiffness dependency on temperature

Wear impact on tire temperature, temperature impact on tire wear

Antonio Sorrentino
Tech Product Manager
MegaRide srl
Tire Physical/Analytical modelling allows to carry out predictive performance analysis in tire development and optimization. Within such context, wear and temperature interact mutually with interconnected mechanisms, that can be highlighted thanks to proper virtual test plans. thermoRIDE and weaRIDE tire simulation modules have been integrated in the presented study, whose results will be discussed by the authors.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire tread wear mechanism
  • Tire thermal performance and modeling
  • Real-time physical tire modeling
  • Tire Wear and Performance optimization
  • Tire virtual development

The virtuous circle of tire performance: a technical illustration

Frederic Ruat
Co-Founder & CEO
FORS Performance
Relying on one type of measurement bench or protocol only gives part of the tire characteritics, FORS Performance have developped innovative benchs, like non-destructive DMA and ground measurement, to combine with forces & moments trailer measurement for a total tire behavior understanding. This accurate and complete tire characterization can then be used to feed the modelling chain for accurate tire simulation up to driving simulators applications. FORS performance will present the virtuous circle approach with some technical examples to illustrate the results.

What the audience will learn

  • FORS Performance Company Presentation
  • The Virtuous Circle of Tire Performance : presentation and illustration
  • Technical use case example
  • Perspectives and new developments

A study of the effect of road roughness on cornering stiffness

Marco Furlan
Senior Modelling and Simulation Engineer
Measurements from three tires on flat-track and asphalt surfaces reveal lower cornering stiffness on the latter. The reduction in cornering stiffness is not linked to friction but is attributed to the influence of road roughness on the effective shear stiffness of the tread. An advanced brush model is proposed with the tread stiffness depending on the road roughness and the rubber complex moduli. A strong correlation is found between measurements and predictions of reduced stiffness on asphalt.

What the audience will learn

  • The relationship between road roughness and cornering stiffness
  • How the cornering stiffness can be predicted with a brush model
  • How to model the bristle stiffness with different terms including inflation, bending and tread stiffness

Real time processing of road loads for intelligent tire applications

Dr William Mars
Endurica LLC
Tire finite element models execute too slowly for direct use in real time intelligent tire applications, but the Endurica Efficient Interpolation Engine (EIE) offers a solution. This benchmark study of the EIE solver shows how road load inputs (including tire load, speed and slip angle) can be converted into stress-strain history at critical tire locations, and processed in real time to track damage development during tire operation. The technology is ideal for the analysis of track events during tire development, and for large scale processing of fleet data during tire operations.

What the audience will learn

  • How to implement a tire digital twin that can track damage development in real time
  • Computational requirements and performance for tire digital twin applications
  • How to identify key moments during recorded track events using Endurica solvers
  • Workflow steps for analysis of raw road load duty cycle data
  • How to map multidimensional operating spaces to rapidly compute tire performance

Bicycle tyres - Lateral characteristics and impact on bicycle dynamics

Gabriele Dell'Orto
PhD Candidate
TU Delft - Politecnico di Milano
The use of bicycles is widely spreading. The rider’s ability to stabilize the bicycle in an undesired state (rolled by a gust of wind or slipping on icy road) depends on both rider’s neuromuscular control and bicycle’s dynamics. Tyres may play significant role generating the lateral forces for proper bicycle handling. Tyre compound, tread pattern, inflation pressure, vertical load also affect rider’s ability to stabilize the bicycle. We measured lateral characteristics of a large batch of tyres.

What the audience will learn

  • Bicycle tyres
  • Lateral characteristics
  • Relaxation length
  • Cargo bike tyres
  • Cornering stiffness

A numerical model for the structural analysis of a tire with RFID sensors

Dan Andrei Anton
Founder & Managing Director
Autoadmin Consulting & Unleashed Engineering
As tire makers have started to manifest active interest in the standardization of tires with embedded sidewall RFID sensors, there is a need for new predictive tools to be developed for the structural analysis and the performance evaluation of the new tire's system models. Since the traditional tire FEA modeling approach mainly covers the modeling of the carcass with various tread geometries, many technical challenges must be overcome when the new system models are being investigated.

What the audience will learn

  • A new 3D complete tire system FEA modeling approach which includes 3D modeling of the tire carcass and tread and 3D RFID sensors attached to the sidewall of the tire model
  • Some FEA data analysis concepts.
  • Scripting procedures that helps speed up the post-processing of the various FEA variables

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

Ongoing transformation of the global tyre industry

David Shaw
Tire Industry Research
This presentation tracks changes across the world’s tyre industry, and projects to the future. For the big brands, changes include reviews of corporate strategies. In China, it has meant consolidation and international expansion. In India, it has meant adding capacity to meet increased demand. Everywhere, it means focussing on sustainability, digitisation and developing new skills within the workforce. For the future, it means more flexibility; more collaboration and yet more focus on sustainability.

What the audience will learn

  • Strategic direction of the tire industry
  • What is happening in China
  • What sustainabiity means for tyre makers and suppliers
  • How tire makers are managing the transitions
  • Changes in the manufacturing environment

Where is the tyre market going?

Robert Simmons
Managing Director
Recent years have seen huge levels of volatility in both the automotive and tyre industries. The presentation will present the outlook for the tyre industry, by major region, for both OE and replacement tyres. With high inflation and pressure on household incomes, consumers are having to make choices about mobility and what replacement tyres to purchase. This has led to further growth in low cost imports to many markets placing pressure on tyre production.

What the audience will learn

  • Outlook for automotive production in the coming years
  • Outlook for tyre sales in the coming years
  • The factors that will determine tyre sales

Tire materials and technology arms race

Guy Heywood
Vice President
Hankook Tire Europe GmbH
Tire makers are fighting to deliver ever higher tire performance whilst transitioning their companies from tires to tires,technology and mobility solutions businesses and also working towards 100% sustainability goals. These business drivers are leading to accelerated innovations in the fields of materials science, AI/Supercomputing and also 3D additive manufacturing. These three technologies are being combined to offer stepped improvements in tire performance from the 1st to last mm of wear.

What the audience will learn

  • Drivers for accelerated change in the tire industry
  • Key technology innovations being used by tire makers to answer the challenges of the mobility revolution
  • What these technologies deliver to all stakeholders in the mobility industry
  • Who will win in the fight for relevance in the new mobility of our future

Are your tyres compliant when worn? Testing the new regulatory requirements

Dalia Broggi
Project Manager - Scientific Research
European Commission
A new amendment to UNECE Regulation 117 introduces requirements for wet grip of worn tyres to assess tyre performances at the end of its life. For type approval, artificially worn tyres are generated by mechanically removing tread material (i.e. buffing). To assess how well a buffed tyre replicates a naturally worn tyre, we tested four tyre models comparing new, naturally and artificially worn samples of each model. We carried out the regulatory test and other representative dynamic maneuvers.

What the audience will learn

  • European Commission role in Europe Market Surveillance activities
  • Recent developments of Regulatory framework for worn tyres
  • Performance comparison between new, worn and artificially worn tyres

Holistic TBR new product development and improvement approach

Haluk Kizilay
Managing Director
TIC-Tire Industry Consulting
New Product Development (NPD) is a key process for TBR tire groups and NPD time is crucial. TIC’s Holistic NPD approach enables you to launch world-class product faster & more cost effectively than ever. It would be useful for all tire manufacturers to have an efficient and effective NPD process. The points; Technical Challenges in TBR, How to establish effective NPD process, Tire Eng. Enhancement, TBR Virtual Model Validation & Verification, TBR Field Engineering, and other important points.

What the audience will learn

  • What are the latest technical challenges in TBR tire group
  • How to establish an effective NPD process
  • How to create a winning technical team
  • Holistic view for TBR New Product Development
  • How to establish TBR Field Engineering System

The role of tire industry in developing electric mobility

Dr Amirhossein Shahdadi
Manager of Disruptive and Innovative Technologies
Barez Industrial Group
Considering different aspects of EVs, there are three main issues that must be concerned about tires of electric vehicles: Tires for electric vehicles carry a heavier load and have to withstand high instant torque, so the tire construction should be more robust. Greater mass and increased inertia mean longer braking distance, so the tire grip should be improved. The minimal rolling resistance is essential for electric tires, so tires for electric cars offer a smoother and low-impact ride.

What the audience will learn

  • Electric Mobility, its challenges, and future outlook
  • New trends in electric vehicle
  • The Effect of electric mobility on the tire industry
  • The market of tires for electric vehicles
  • The specifications of tires for electric vehicles

325/90R24.5 tubeless – new size introduction replacing 325/95R24 tube type

Fernando Filippi
Product Development Senior Specialist
Prometeon Tyre Group S.R.L.
During the previous years, more and more tube type applications are migrating to tubeless with many well-known advantages, but some sizes still not properly addressed for example the 325/95R24 in the Middle East market. In the past it was proposed the usage of 325/95R24 in TL rims, but the assembly process difficulties didn’t allow this solution to widespread in the market and for solving this issue, a new tire size standardization was requested to ETRTO as the beginning of a new tire project.

What the audience will learn

  • Tubeless tires advantages review
  • Tire/wheel assembly weight reduction and subsequently truck payload capacity increase
  • Increased tire load capacity
  • New standard rim development in partnership with Accuride – 9.0” x 24.5”
  • Sustainability

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

An update on TIP-sponsored tire-emission research and action on mitigation

Dr Larisa Kryachkova
Executive Director
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) Tire Industry Project (TIP)
We will share an update of recent TIP-sponsored tire-emissions research and new work that aims to develop a better understanding and promote action on the mitigation of tire and road wear particles (TRWP).

What the audience will learn

  • Recent developments in industry-sponsored tire-emissions research
  • An introduction to ongoing and new additions to TIP's tire-emissions workplan
  • An overview of TIP's work to better understanding and promote action on TRWP mitigation

Emissions of tire road wear particles by a vehicle

Frederic Biesse
Senior Fellow for tyre physics and modelling
Michelin is studying the environmental impact of our tyres to understand the key levers and effectively reduce it. Tyre and Road wear particles (TRWP) is one of the impacts happening during usage, like energy efficiency and longevity. TRWPs are under intensive study in the Michelin research centers, to understand their generation and emission mechanisms so that innovative solution can be proposed. In this presentation, our latest results about TRWP properties and emissions will be presented.

What the audience will learn

  • Fate of the TRWP in the environment
  • contribution of TRWP to air pollution
  • Influencing factors of airborne TRWP emission
  • Impact of tire design on TRWP emission

Challenges in the generation of tire wear particles indoor

Nadine Aschenbrenner
Test Engineer
Continental AG
Continentals’ research and development center investigates tire emissions in the form of Tire and Road Wear Particles (TRWP) intensively. Tire wear and therefore the resulting particles are influenced by several factors. In this presentation, outdoor TRWP samples will be compared with Tire Wear Particles (TWP) samples created on an indoor machine drum. Various parameters that influence the particle size distribution and need therefore be carefully controlled will be presented and discussed.

What the audience will learn

  • Summarize of current results of the lastest TRWP outdoor studies with Continentals' test vehicle .
  • Various parameters that influence the particle size distribution at the drum.
  • Comparison of TRWP from outdoor tests and TWP from indoor tests.
  • Challenges in the reproduction of realistic tire wear particles at the machine drum.
  • Recommendation and hints for realistic partical genearation indoor.

Evaluation of tire wear particle leachability

Erick Sharp
ACE Laboratories
This study evaluates the leachability of tire wear particles (TWP). Variables include high silica tread compounds versus non-silica tread compounds, slip ratios and G force, and vehicle weight. Tire wear particles will be generated on the Ueshima RTM Fiction tester utilizing a asphalt test track. SEM imagery is performed on all TWP samples to compare morphology structure. Rate of leachability of 6PPD, zinc, and hydrocarbons is conducted on each TWP sample. The leachability analysis includes an environmental exposure period, a distilled water soak, and analysis of the water by GC-MS.

What the audience will learn

  • The difference in leachability rate between silica tread compounds and traditional carbon black tread compounds .
  • The difference in TWP between traditional weight of combustion engine vehicles and heavier electric vehicles .
  • How surface area and morphology are impacting leach rate of TWP.
  • The difference in size and leachability of TWP between acceleration torque, braking force, and standard cruising.
  • How much of an impact to the road surface have on the morphology of TWP

Degradation of tires during regular operation

Dr Radek Stocek
General Manager
PRL Polymer Research Lab
Czech Republic
There are several factors that influence wear and life time of tires. The biggest challenge is to increase the resistance against degradation of tires, which leads to various wear phenomenon, reduces the operating time of tires, increases overall costs, pollution and provokes higher consumption of resources. The recent research demonstrates what a huge step has been taken in the meantime to improve the prediction of wear under specific operating conditions for tailor-made tires.

What the audience will learn

  • Survey over the detailed mechanisms which harm rubber and lead to wear.
  • Novel technical characterising degradation phenomena will be introduced in detail.
  • Clarification of how the load applied to the tyre relates to the type of degradation.

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

Active tread; Sumitomo’s innovative concept for the future mobile society

Tetsuya Maeakwa
Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
SRI will launch the first product line of “Active Tread” which is new technology fit to autonomous vehicle society and promote to establish sustainable society. SRI will contribute to establish the safety in the autonomous vehicle society by using Active Tread compounds. These compounds enable the physical properties to actively switch to the optimized one in all -weather condition. The switchable performance makes it possible to eliminate the concept of border in the different tire categories.

What the audience will learn

  • smart tire concept
  • active tread
  • sustainable tire

Tire predictive maintenance solutions

Dr Jeremy Vayssettes
Development Program Leader for Connected Mobility
Hélène Bathias
Initiative Leader for Connected Offers
To provide services that satisfy carmaker's expectations, a complete offer around algorithms based on vehicle data is developed by Michelin. In this presentation, a focus is done on algorithms for Tire Predictive maintenance and related use cases focused on car makers’ needs. The algorithms developed by Michelin are sensor less, tire brand agnostic and easy to deploy. Advantages of the Michelin approach compared to state of the art is recalled and accuracy level is illustrated with results.

What the audience will learn

  • A solution to predict tire end of life
  • Use case for tire predictive maintenance
  • Deployment constraints and learnings

GDSO - Beyond tyre electronic identification

Riccardo Giovannotti
Secretary General
Global Data Service Organisation for tyres and automotive components (GDSO)
The Tyre Industry is undergoing a major transformation towards tyres’ identity digitalization and data transfer. GDSO is leading such a process with its global footprint that is strengthened by a number of key-elements: new tyre manufacturers joining the Organisation, continuous working to enable data driven use cases, positioning as a Data Space among the top players, collaborating with other automotive organisations and developing a new service that will be announced during the conference to support circular economy through data sharing, allowing transparency and traceability along tyre life (cradle to grave).

What the audience will learn

The Importance of tire electronic data as an enabler of TaaS deployment and regulatory compliance

Dr Adam McCarthy
Secretary General
European Tyre and Rubber Manufacturers’ Association (ETRMA)
The presentation will provide an overview of the European regulatory landscape, on-going developments, compliance challenges and some examples of how TaaS can support the regulatory environment.

What the audience will learn

  • Legislation and Regulation
  • TaaS
  • Access to In-Vehicle Data
  • Circularity

ShiftHappens - intelligent connected tires as a game changer

Tobias Grocholl
Innovation Head
We have been championing the idea of making tires talk. Tires are a mission critical asset in everyday life of passenger cars, trucks, heavy machinery, buses, agriculture. If tires stop, the whole operations stop. And yet, tires are still perceived as dumb rubber. So what if tires and roads could talk? What stories would they tell?

What the audience will learn

  • Managing Data as an Asset
  • #ShiftHappens - How to adjust your business models to compete in the intelligent tires space
  • Why Connected Tires will be a large scale ecosystem instead of a closed loop product

TMS: a step forward to the future heavy vehicles mobility

Fabio Montanaro
R&D- Head of Product Innovation
Prometeon Tyre Group
Ciro Esposito
Product Innovation Coordinator
Prometeon Tyre Group S.r.l
The Intelligent Connected Tire, integrated into a TMS system, allows direct communication between the tire and the vehicle, providing the correct inflated pressure value compensated by the real tyre temperature. The system provides accurate warnings both to the driver than to the fleet manager, improving the features of a standard TPMS system. In the commercial logistics business, the reduction of the fuel/energy consumption and the predictive maintenance are key elements in improving the sustainability and cost optimization of a fleet. The Tire Mounted System, by maintaining constant monitoring of vehicle performance, improves the efficiency and environmental impact of a fleet.

What the audience will learn

  • TMS: description of a real time system and interface
  • Trucks and busses fleets requirements for safety and maintenance
  • TPMS and a TMS system comparison: features and benefits
  • Additional features coming from tyre data acquisition and analysis
  • Further and future TMS implementation

Advanced condition monitoring for large tire equipment

Bill Henderson
Head, USA TIRE Industry
Siemens Industry Inc.
With standard sensors, hardware & software, you can understand the health of large mechanical machinery. By tracking vibration and correlating that data to VFD Data & Temp Data, an understanding of the state of the machinery becomes a valuable tool to assess preventative maintenance planning and measuring. With the connection to a global supervisory predictive maintenance tool leveraging artificial intelligence with machine learning, you now can extend the life of your equipment.

What the audience will learn

  • Machine Health Analysis
  • Predictive Maintenance Solutions
  • Improving Machine Life

How the tire business can create value surfing the macro-trends impacting mobility

Eduardo Minardi
Minardi Global
There are four basic mega-trends impacting mobility and only a few tire players trying to capitalise it. With a focus on digital eco-systems, Eduardo will share how data generated in the downstream can retrofit tire development to improve performance and create value for individuals, fleets and society. That will be followed by three speakers presenting specific solutions to create and capture value.

What the audience will learn

  • Understand the key mega-trends impacting mobility and the tire industry until 2030
  • Visualise how the leading tire companies are responding to those challenges and moving into advanced and sustainable mobility solutions
  • The role of digital eco-systems in the upstream and downstream, and how they will accelerate and improve tire development and sales

Local processing of sensor data to slash bandwidth requirements

Aleksandr Timofeev
POLYN Technology
Tire sensors can generate huge volumes of raw data. The challenge for a systems designer is whether to process that data locally, and send intelligence-rich data up to the cloud, or to send all the data to the cloud for subsequent processing. The latter choice requires substantial bandwidth, which can be costly, and limit performance in regions where connectivity is low. Processing data locally is the preferred option, but that needs specific solutions. PolyN is working with top-name tire makers to build systems that can extract intelligence from the raw data before sending it to the cloud.

Advanced software solutions for fleet optimization

Angus Webb
Founder and CEO
There is a growing demand of advanced optimization software solutions for the commercial transport industry. In response to that, Dynamon developed solutions such as Zero, to optimize the transition from ICE to EVs, and Tire Analytics, which is intended to reduce fleets total cost of ownership, identifying the costs and environmental impact associated with the different tire choices for each specific service. Angus will explain how to generate extraordinary benefits to fleets and allow tire companies to use valuable insights for tire development.

Sensing the road ahead: Advancements in intelligent tire technology

Keith Ferry
Cerebrum Sensor Technologies
Smart tires are a transformative development in the automotive industry, offering real-time monitoring and data-driven insights into tire health and performance well beyond traditional TPMS. By tracking assets, improving safety, extending tire lifespan, and enhancing overall vehicle efficiency, intelligent tire solutions play a crucial role in modernizing tires and optimizing the driving experience. In this session, we'll dive into the benefits, differentiators, and roadmap of intelligent tire technology.

What the audience will learn

  • An introduction to Intelligent Tire Technology and the overwhelming benefits of achieving a globally connected network of tire insights.
  • Trends and practical examples (benefits and drawbacks) of IoT technologies being used to advance the industry.
  • Considerations surrounding data management and standardization, compliance, security, and automation.
  • Elaboration of Cerebrum's solutions, market adoption, and high-level roadmap.

Panel Discussion - Building a digital world for tires

Angus Webb
Founder and CEO
Aleksandr Timofeev
POLYN Technology
Keith Ferry
Cerebrum Sensor Technologies
Panel Moderator:
Eduardo Minardi
Minardi Global

Does the law of diminishing returns apply to smart tire data

Alan Bennetts
Bay Systems
Embedded sensors inform R&D leading to better tires. To do this precision in the data gathered is needed to differentiate between development options. In a tire fitted to a consumer vehicle what is the purpose of each sensor and what precision is needed to allow the vehicle's chassis management computer to make meaningful decisions. There is certainly going to be complexity and reliability issues that might make locating sensors near the tire rather than in the Tire a better choice.

What the audience will learn

  • What data from the Tire can contain
  • How road surfaces affect the data
  • Solar heating changes the tire temperature >20 degrees
  • The inception of aquaplaning can be sensed well in advance of a change registered by traction control.
  • Some sort of adaptive learning or AI is going to be needed to cope with the inherant scatter in the data

Sensor intelligence with AI and digitalisation transform the tire production

Patrick Hartmann
Global Industry Manager
Alain Klein
Key Account Manager
Increasing automation to reach a fully autonomous production facility is the proclaimed aim. Today, we are not there since several tasks need to be implemented manually – either there is no technical feasible solution available, or not economical. AI and digitalisation in combination with sensor intelligence can help us getting closer to the aim. Discover our possibilities and dive into a new dimension in the world of sensors.

What the audience will learn

  • Glance at new sensor solutions
  • Impact of AI on robot guidance
  • Digitalisation bridging the gap of manual to fully automated processes

Driving digital transformation: improving transparency in the tire Industry

Paul Broekhuizen
Global Director Smart Industries
Confidex a Beontag company
The challenges facing the tire industry today are diverse, and the necessity for transparency is imperative in a circular model. This lecture will demonstrate how RFID technology can effectively address the industry's main challenges, ultimately leading to improved transparency.

What the audience will learn

  • How RFID technology enables end-to-end traceability throughout life-cycle
  • How embedded RFID TireTag enables a wireless communication link to the entire eco system
  • How embedded RFID TireTag support Digital Product Passport requirements

How RFID implementation can support the whole tire industry

Lauri Hyytinen
Automotive Market Development Manager
Avery Dennison Smartrac
Tire manufacturers are actively implementing RFID transponders to their tires. How this trend could support the whole tire industry from raw material manufacturers to the tire recyclers?

What the audience will learn

  • Understand how far the tire industry is already implementing RFID.
  • What are the key benefits
  • How all companies in the tire industry can benefit of the trend
  • What are the key RFID applications in tire industry on top of the embedded tire tags

The bright future of embeddable tire tagging

Randall Grein
Business Development Manager
A guide through the world of embeddable tire tagging and why it is one of the key enablers of a more sustainable tire industry.

What the audience will learn

  • Future of RFID Embedded Tire Tagging
  • How to reach your sustainability goals with RFID Tire Tagging
  • What Embeddable Tire Tagging brought to the world so far

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

Navigating the complexities of rubber development: Bridging AI and DoE

Hans-Joachim Graf
H-JG Consulting
This presentation explores the fusion of Design of Experiments (DoE) with Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML). AI utilizes historical data like words or facial pixels, relying on neural network algorithms. However, AI demands extensive data, an issue in rubber development where data is abundant but lacks standardization. These datasets exhibit unique measurement errors, making them distinct from the norm. Storing such complex data in the cloud is complicated, with compatibility issues between polymers, crosslinking systems, and insoluble ingredients posing challenges. Integrating this heterogeneous data is a formidable task, as conventional cloud storage falls short.

What the audience will learn

  • Understanding the potential synergy between Design of Experiments (DoE) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in industrial applications.
  • Exploring how AI leverages historical data and neural network algorithms for analysis and decision-making.
  • Recognizing the unique challenges of data abundance and non-standardization in the context of rubber development.
  • Identifying the complexities of dealing with data sets characterized by atypical measurement errors.
  • Evaluating the limitations of traditional cloud storage in handling complex compound data.

AI applications in tire R&D and manufacturing

Arjun Balasubramanian
Group Manager - OE Product Development - Passenger Vehicle
Apollo Tyres
Hitesh Joshi
Head - Passenger Vehicle, R&D APMEA
Apollo Tyres
Artificial intelligence (AI) is making significant strides in various industries, and the tire R&D and manufacturing sector is no exception. The presentation will highlight the how AI is being applied in this field such as Material Design and optimization, Utilization of large test data to predict tyre behavior, Process optimization etc.

Case study from leading global tire manufacturer: How to build better tires with AI

Mithun Nagabhairava
Senior Manager, Data Science
Kalypso, a Rockwell Automation Business, was engaged by a leading global tire manufacturer to evaluate their tire production with the goal of reducing down time with the help of AI. The primary objectives were a 30% reduction in downtime and an increase of 80 additional tires per machine, per day. This session will illustrate how a remarkable 45% reduction in downtime was achieved, resulting in each machine producing over 100 additional tires daily, achieved through meticulous implementation and refinement of the AI-driven solution.

What the audience will learn

  • The implementation of AI technology led to an impressive 45% reduction in downtime, significantly enhancing operational efficiency.
  • Each machine produced over 100 additional tires daily, resulting in a monumental annual production increase of 550,000 tires
  • The application of Gradient Boosted regression algorithms allowed for accurate prediction and adjustment of splicing failures, minimizing scrap and rework

Joint forces for the sustainable tire production of tomorrow

Guido Veit
Vice President Sales Plastic & Rubber
Zeppelin Systems GmbH
Traditional tire recycling processes don’t meet the expectations of a circular economy in terms of quality and quantity for secondary raw materials or recyclates. That’s exactly where Zeppelin Systems with its international partners of the Zeppelin Sustainable Tire Alliance comes in. With innovative solutions and joint forces, new goals in terms of reliability, stabile quality, and sufficient quantity through precise material handling and professional plant engineering can be achieved.

What the audience will learn

  • Status quo in the tire recycling process and potentials
  • Recyclates as key success factor for a circular economy
  • How joint forces can make an impact for the tire recycling process

Transforming production- with AI

Harm Voortman
President and CEO
VMI Group
AI and Machine Learning (ML) are already starting to revolutionise key aspects of manufacturing, from supply chains to production automation. In this presentation, Harm Voortman, who is both CEO of VMI and Executive Leader for smart technologies at the TKH Group, explains how AI developed in TKH smart tech companies is now being introduced to VMI’s already highly automated machines. Harm will show us how the synergies between group companies and their core technologies are leading to performance benefits for tire companies in the form of reduced scrap, lower energy costs and higher quality outcomes. Highlights will include: An exploration of how different technologies (such as camera systems and ML) can co-evolve to deliver exponential improvements; how collaborative development accelerates creation of new concepts; and a clear vision for AI adoption over the next 5 years.

What the audience will learn

  • An exploration of how different technologies (such as camera systems and ML) can co-evolve to deliver exponential improvements
  • How collaborative development accelerates creation of new concepts
  • A clear vision for AI adoption over the next 5 years.

AI based algorithm for optimizing final mixing processes of rubber

Tim Bommer
R&D Engineer
HF Mixing Group
Introduction and Background Mathematical modelling of the final rubber mixing process Optimization of the final rubber mixing process on a laboratory scale Constant rotor speed Variable rotor speed Optimization of final rubber mixing processes in the field Conclusion

What the audience will learn

  • Mathematical modeling of final mixing processes in internal mixers
  • AI based optimization of mixing processes
  • Energy reduction in the mixing room
  • Efficiency increase in the mixing room

High speed tire uniformity optimization process (HSTUO) in production

Luc De Bruyne
OEM Tyres Wheels Assembly R&D specialist
Reducing vibrations forces of wheels at a driving speed of 120 km/h with balancing weights. No need for balancing machines and Low Speed TU machines anymore in a TWA assembly process.

What the audience will learn

  • Production of a wheels with the lowest vibrations level at a defined speed
  • Increase driving comfort at a defined speed with heavy EV cars
  • Reduction of wheels rejections in a production process
  • No need for standard Low Speed TU and balancing machines in a production process
  • Improving the TU yield level with the tire suppliers

Tire and wheel assembly issues from OEM view and technical solutions

Dr Günter Leister
Vehicle manufacturers use automatic tire and wheel assembly lines for tire mounting. With the help of these systems, it is possible to produce assembled wheels of high quality in a short time and at a low cost. The specifications for these systems are precisely defined by the vehicle manufacturers, but this automatic process also has its challenges that need to be recognized and solved. This presentation also points out phenomena that cannot be eliminated with the classical methods of analysis.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire Wheel Assembly challenges
  • Bead Seat optimzation
  • High speed Tire Uniformity
  • OEM requirements for assembled Tire-Wheel System

Intelligent and flexible electromechanic bead lock system

Stefano Roselli
Technical Director
Marangoni Meccanica
Marangoni Meccanica has patented a system to automate the loading and unloading of carcass and GT. Compared to the pneumatic variant, it has the advantages of a complete and precise control over the diameters of the flanges, even during shaped carcass rotation. The electronic control by drive allows a precise control of the Bead Lock force that will be adjustable by recipe and adaptable during cycle. Fluid and continuous expansion and contraction movements allow a delicate management of carcass and GT preventing surface damages to the bead area. Main features: user friendliness, easy maintainability, safety.

What the audience will learn

  • Innovative bead lock system for Automatic Tyre Building Machine -> technological innovation
  • Fast and reliable movements for reducing cycle time -> ROI increase for customer
  • Wide range of application -> CAPEX reduction costs
  • Reduced tooling changing down time and easier maintenance -> improving maintenance
  • Precise force and position control for flexible operation -> quality output

Global problems require mutual solutions - dynamic PCF evaluation SiGREEN

Peter Haan
Head of Global Vertical Tire
Siemens AG
Due to increasingly stringent regulatory requirements, industrial companies are faced with the major challenge of seamlessly tracing the entire Product Carbon Footprint (PCF). This can only be achieved through a continuous data exchange along the entire value chain. This requires digital solutions that all connected companies can trust. Go beyond static reporting of CO2 emissions and start managing product decarbonization with the help of dynamic PCF.

What the audience will learn

  • Sources for Product Carbon Footprint (PCF)
  • Challeges based on today's static PCF evaluation
  • How to implement dynamic PCF evaluation
  • Benefits for all participants in the value chain

Intelligent interconnection enhances mixing workshop's quality and efficiency

Wang Zhiming
Vice President
Mesnac Co.,Ltd.
Based on the current situation of the automation of the mixing workshop and the development trend of intelligence and unmanned operation, from the perspective of the upgrading demand of mixing equipment, it is necessary to continuously improve the intelligence, stability and reliability of mixing equipment. The mixing workshop will develop in the digital, intelligent and unmanned direction, thus achieving a 10% boost in total production efficiency.

What the audience will learn

  • Digital empowered mixing equipment is stable and reliable
  • Application scenario of digital mixing workshop
  • Application of intelligent interconnection scene in mixing workshop

Challenges/trends/opportunities by future compounds on extrusion process

Dennis Preick
Senior Process Engineer Rubber Processing Tire Extrusion
Troester GmbH & Co. KG
The current development towards e-mobility and the associated changes in requirements for tire production also pose new challenges (or opportunities) for Troester as a system supplier. Besides modified rubber compounds, topics such as efficient raw material usage (low start-up and scrap lengths) and tight tolerances have to be considered to achieve truly optimized systems. As a global system supplier, Troester is leading the way in continuous optimization of extrusion technology along with strong customer collaboration to ensure the highest level of productivity and to be prepared for the next generation of tires. Troester focuses on mapping the entire planning, design, manufacturing and assembly process within the company in order to be able to optimally utilize the experience of the individual areas for the customers. Development projects with industrial partners additionally substantiate this continuous further development.

What the audience will learn

  • actual development in compounds
  • new technics in extrusion
  • prospective trends in PCR and EV tire applications

Quality data exchange between SIS VISION and MES

Philipp Rott
Product Manager
Roland Electronic GmbH
Quality monitoring at steel cord cutting lines with the SIS VISION. With a high-resolution sensor, wire distances, offset and EPDM/EPI is reliably monitored at full production speed. After the steel cord is analyzed it’s visualized in an easy-to-use interface, similar to an X-ray image. Latest innovation is an independent server solution, which records and provides detailed data to customer MES. With the smart-archive functionality, it provides maximum data at minimum storage.

What the audience will learn

  • Functionality and benefit of the independent server solution
  • Possible recording types and use-case to improve production process
  • Smart-archive configuration and implementation into company MES
  • Best practice approaches and ideas for using the data

Designing a digital architecture to enhance tire manufacturing efficiency

Paolo Gamarino
Industry Manager
SMC Corporation
The presentation will describe, with practical examples, how the most advanced automation technologies assist tire manufacturers and their machine builders to digitalize compressed air installations, enhance maintenance capabilities, reduce labour and wiring time, save energy and improve sustainability.

What the audience will learn

  • Automation technology innovations
  • Digitalization
  • Sustainability / energy efficiency
  • Condition based maintenance
  • Wireless systems

Factory automation of tire production is delivering results

Andreas Morbitzer
Head of Sales - Central Germany Factory Automation
Pepperl+Fuchs Vertrieb Deutschland GmbH
Complete data integration in tire production is now possible due to intelligent sensors and infrastructures. Leading tire makers are moving to a new level of factory automation. Lifecycle management of their products via RFID, plant-wide condition monitoring of components and assets as well as seamless Industry 4.0 Processes are getting standard. Based on new smart field devices such as proximity switches, photelectric sensors and identifications systems in combination with IO-Link, OPC UA or MQTT the competitiveness of tire production is increasing. This presentation includes conceptual solutions and practical success stories in the tire industry.

MES delivers a connected factory end-to-end

Bill Sarver
Senior Global Industry Consultant, Automotive & Tire
Rockwell Automation
See the big picture: a connected plant end-to-end with a full view into your operations. Native data from software, directly connected to visualize plant status. The result? Deliver faster, for less cost, with less risk and achieve optimized production to the fastest possible timescale. MES helps make it happen. Smart manufacturing companies are empowering their people, using Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) to connect their people to every facet of the manufacturing operations. Discover how they're using MES to tie their people and the manufacturing operations together, creating the truly connected and engaged factory worker.

What the audience will learn

  • Understand challenges facing the tire industry
  • Understand what MES is and how it can impact your operations
  • See how other customers are utilizing MES and seeing results
  • Learn how MEs can create the truly engaged factory worker
  • Q&A of the session speaker

'All about tires': An AI-based specialized platform for tire science and technology

Dr Mohammad Behroozi
Vehicle Dynamicist
Individual Contributor
'All about tires' is envisioned as a forthcoming AI-driven, community-based platform centered on advancing tire science and technology. Poised to address anticipated industry-wide needs, it aims to provide comprehensive support in areas including, but not limited to, general tire knowledge, advanced modeling and simulation, manufacturing processes, design and engineering, and Tire Performance. The dynamic validity of this future platform will be upheld through meticulous community inputs, including peer-reviews and expert verification. This future Large Language Model (LLM)-based AI represents a pioneering step toward developing a specialized and interconnected platform within the tire industry.

What the audience will learn

  • Understand the utilization of Large Language Models (LLM) for predictive pre-trained translators.
  • Assess the precision and reliability of existing applications, including a critical examination of ChatGPT's effectiveness.
  • Recognize the industry-specific requirements driving the development of a specialized platform for tire science.
  • Explore the mechanisms ensuring the dynamic validity of the platform through community inputs, peer-reviews, and expert verification.
  • The practical implementation of an example AI-driven application.

Full automatic dosing system for small chemicals weighing process

Alberto Pellichero
Sales Area Manager
Color Service S.R.L.
Color Service is the world leader in the production and development of Small Chemicals Weighing Systems, able to solve problems associated with the manual weighing and to abandon traditional production methods that inevitably would not allow to get a safe, fast and precise dosing. Weighing is a key phase in the production process and the precise dispensing of the product determines the specifications of the recipe as well as the quality requirements of the final product.

What the audience will learn

  • Automatic Dosing Systems
  • Enviromental Conditions (no dust)
  • Small Chemicals Weighing

Microwave preheating of large green tires becomes reality

Daniel Kettner
Sales Director
ROMILL s.r.o.
Czech Republic
Newly developed industrial microwave preheating technology for green tires is now fully operational and set to make a global impact. This cutting-edge innovation significantly reduces curing time, enhancing production efficiency and sustainability in the tire manufacturing industry. You'll gain a unique insight into what's beneath the surface of such innovation.

What the audience will learn

  • Specific achievements unlocked through the green tire preheating prototype.
  • How microwaves distribute heat through the different structures of the tire.
  • What works and what doesn't when speaking of green tire microwave preheating.

Fasteel innovative fast change steel cord calendering process improvement

Marco Putignano
Mechanical Engineer
Comerio Ercole spa
When changing the steel cord diameter and EPI density in a Rubberizing calenderline, it is needed to insert each individual steel cord into the grooves of the pressure and guide rollers. It takes 2 to 4 hours and this time is unproductive in the state of the art. FASTEEL® is the patented and innovative system developed by Comerio Ercole to guarantee downtime reduced to just 15-20 minutes. FASTEEL® is possible both for the creel configuration, i.e. fixed V type or parallel with mobile platform.

What the audience will learn

  • New system to reduce the set-up of line during production changeover
  • An automatic device to improve the working ergonomics
  • A system to carry out operations during line uptime in a safe way

Day 1: Tuesday, March 19

Winter traction testing at Leibniz University Hannover

Michael Hindemith
Research Engineer
Leibniz University Hannover, Institute of Dynamics and Vibration Research
In recent years we developed a variety of test methodologies for testing and analyzing winterly conditions in the tread-road contact. Under defined environmental and operating conditions we assess the performance of tire tread blocks (with and without pattern, studs) on smooth and rough ice as well as on black ice on asphalt roads. In our snow lab we analyze snow friction mechanisms on everything between hard packed snow, powder snow and even slush. For transferring these results to outdoors we have developed means of snow and slush characterisation as well as simulations to get further insights into winter friction mechanisms.

What the audience will learn

  • Research results in the field of contact mechanics and elastomer friction
  • Test methods development in the field of contact mechanics
  • Experimental investigation of the friction of tire tread blocks on snow

Creating a universal tire geometry testing solution

Oliver Scholz
Deputy Head of Department
Fraunhofer Institute EZRT
TireChecker has introduced laser sheet-of-light technology into tire geometry testing 25 years ago. Over this time many customers chose our solution for integration into their machinery, necessitating a variety of custom machine communication approaches. Similarly, the varying architectures of the testing machines required the integration of many different sensor systems. We present the unique challenges associated with the creation of a universal testing system and our approaches to solve them.

What the audience will learn

  • Challenges creating a universal testing system
  • Retrofitting situation vs. new machine solution
  • Simple vs. complex automation interfacing
  • Challenges serving a global client base

Back to back testing of tyres

Kapil Ved
Materials Manager
Mahindra & Mahindra ltd
We are developing the new tyres for the existing models and also for the upcoming new models, which are being launched by OEMs. In the Sub One Ton and above one tons of CV range of vehicle for that, there is no need of doing ADT, GHD and all the tests as per Indian ARAI standard but we can do the testing of the same on static back to back tyre testing machine which will result in the saving of man hours and also saving of fossil fuel.

What the audience will learn

  • How to implement new tyre in less time. Reduction in. Lead time
  • Savings. On. Monentry. Part. As. Diesl. &. Petrol. Testing. On. Road. Is. Totally eliminated
  • Narural waste. Reduction &. Indian OEMs. Has. Started. The. Installation & commissing of. This machine in R&D

Friction and wear performance of tire compounds using dynamic abrasion

Eathan Plaschka
Ph.D. Candidate
Queen Mary University of London
This study outlines a novel method of evaluating the friction, wear and fatigue characteristics of three styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) tire tread compounds. Testing was carried out using an in-house testing rig using a dynamic abrasion process under a variety of loading and temperature conditions. The relationship between the thermo-mechanical deformation during abrasion and fatigue crack growth behaviour is examined in detail to outline a robust method for evaluating compound performance.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire tread compounds are abraded in continuous and discontinuous manners to showcase the importance of the abrasion method
  • Using different abrasion test methods can result in different wear mechanisms between compounds
  • Different wear mechanisms develop depending on the crack growth process
  • Transitions between wear mechanisms are temperature dependent

Optical tire inspection and quality control with AI-based software

Frank Weber
Expert for Automation and Industrial Image Recognition
PSI FLS Fuzzy Logik & Neuro Systeme GmbH
Qualicision is an AI-based solution for optical quality control of tires recognizing color dots and labels on sidewalls, color stripes on treads, tread profiles and DOT positions. The systems can be trained in a process based upon quantitative and qualitative test piece parameters while its knowledge and reference databases are enlarged by entering optical images of new test pieces. The solution performs a constant product quality check of the outgoing wheel to prevent probable material mix-ups.

What the audience will learn

  • how AI enables the recognition of tire quality features
  • how AI improves the quality check of out-going wheels
  • how AI supports to learn automatically

Next-level automatic tire X-ray inspection through AI/deep learning

Dr Shaun Immel
Division VP of Technology / R&D
Micro-Poise Measurement Systems - AMETEK
This presentation will cover recent technical enhancements and performance improvements in the Automatic Defect Recognition (ADR) of Tire X-ray images. Tire inspection & classification performance improvements have now been achieved through the addition of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Deep Learning software methodologies. Numerous financial advantages achieved using computer-automated X-ray image inspection, like increased throughput and reduced detection errors, will also be reviewed.

What the audience will learn

  • Recent tire classification enhancements now achievable through the addition of an AI/Deep Learning layer to the Automatic Defect Recognition (ADR) of X-ray images
  • New tire X-ray image defect detection methodologies available in ADR
  • Interior tire structure measurement possibilities resulting from new ADR measurement tools
  • Dramatic reductions achievable in X-ray tire recipe setup time resulting from novel calibration technology
  • Throughput improvements possible through computer-automated tire X-ray image inspection

Retreaded truck tire test – breakthrough for NR Silica/Silane systems

Andre Wehmeier
Head of Rubber Technology
Evonik Operations GmbH
Evonik gained a lot of experience in compounding natural rubber and Silica/Silane systems in the past. An experimental field test was performed to investigate the performance of the pure Silica/Silane technology versus N234 reinforced NR based truck tire treads on the drive-axles. The benefits in wet and rolling resistance performance with Silica/Silane systems were achieved, without deteriorating the abrasion resistance, which is on the same level as the carbon black reference – a breakthrough.

What the audience will learn

  • Compounding of Silica/Silane systems in NR compounds
  • Truck tire experimental field test results
  • Rolling resistance of Silica/Silane in NR superior to N234
  • Wet grip of Silica/Silane in NR superior to N234
  • Abrasion resistance of Silica/Silane in NR on the same level of N234

Tire inspection software innovation: AI contribution

Liasse Birck Lopes
Software Engineer
CyXplus enhanced the existing Automatic Defect Recognition (ADR) software image processing capabilities, by developing an Artificial Intelligence ADR solution able to find complex defects on complex areas of X-Ray tire images. With a higher detection rate, it was tested on different machines in several leading client’s production sites. To ensure autonomy, this new software allows clients to create new tire-specific neural networks, even when the user does not have any previous knowledge on AI.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire inspection technology
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Automatic defect recognition
  • AI training
  • X-ray images

Laser uniformity optimization case study: Precise, efficient and sustainable

Florian Schreiber
Vice President Sales
4JET Technologies GmbH
Tire uniformity is the main criterion for tire quality. End users and OE customers attach great importance to the performance and uniformity. The presentation explains the functional principle and compares to traditional grinding processes. The results of laser processing last for the tire lifetime which turns the solution superior compared to grinding. Even considering the cost factor, laser turns out to be the superior technology. Additionally, the surface quality of leaser processing meets OEM standards. A case study including RFV and harmonics (before/after treatment) supports these findings and explains which parameters need to be addressed with priority to achieve best improvement on the respective tires.

What the audience will learn

  • Tire Quality Significance
  • Laser Uniformity Correction
  • Invisible Enhancements

Enhancing tire cord production with automated quality inspection systems

Michelle Salg
Head Product Management Fabric Inspection
Uster Technologies AG
Discover the impact of Uster fabric inspection systems in tire cord production. These systems are adaptable at different process stages, including yarn dipping, on-loom inspection, and cord dipping lines. Enhanced by Uster Fabriq Assistant, the central quality control platform, they optimize the entire quality control process. Automated systems ensure safety, efficiency, and excellence. Detecting defects and inconsistencies at various stages enhances safety by reducing accidents and product failures. Efficiency is boosted by rapid, consistent inspections, enabling 24/7 operation. Quality data generated is the key to continuous process improvement, waste reduction, and superior quality output.

What the audience will learn

  • Learn how Uster fabric inspection systems adapt to different stages of tire cord production, enhancing quality control.
  • Understand the role of Uster Fabriq Assistant in optimizing quality control processes for superior results.
  • Discover how automated systems improve safety, efficiency, and operational excellence by detecting defects and inconsistencies.
  • Explore the pivotal role of quality data in continuous improvement, waste reduction, and the production of high-performance tire cords.
  • Gain insights into the necessity of embracing Uster's technologies for competitiveness and the delivery of high-quality, high-performance tire cords.